Dudhwa national park (Uttar Pradesh)
Ecology and Environment
26th Nov, 2019
Tourists visiting the Dudhwa National Park will not be able to enjoy elephant safari this season as most trained jumbos have been deployed in patrolling duties, the park administration.
About Dudhwa national park
- The Dudhwa National Park is a national park in the Terai belt of marshy grasslands of northern Uttar Pradesh.
- It is part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve covering the areas of Kheri and Lakhimpur districts.
- Dudhwa became a tiger reserve in 1879. The area was established in 1958 as a wildlife sanctuary for swamp deer.
- In 1987, the park was declared a tiger reserve and brought under the purview of the ‘Project Tiger’.
- Together with the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and the Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary it forms the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
- It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur Kheri District, and has buffer of reserved forest areas on the northern and southern sides.
- It represents one of the few remaining examples of a highly diverse and productive Terai ecosystem, supporting many endangered species, obligate species of tall wet grasslands and species of restricted distribution.
- It is well known sanctuary of the swamp deer and is home to tigers, leopards, varieties of deer, antelopes, elephants, jackal, hyena etc
- It is also a bird watchers' heaven.
- A large number of rhinos are also found here.
- The park has some of the best forests of 'Sal' tree in the world, amongst other flora.
- Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched by the Government of India.
- The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.
- The project's task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests.
- The monitoring system M-STrIPES was developed to assist patrol and protection of tiger habitats.
- The government has set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.