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GIS Mapping of National Highways

Published: 14th May, 2024

Context

The Indian government is planning to complete GIS mapping of all national highways to enhance planning, execution, and monitoring of road projects.

India’s Road Network

  • India has the world's second-largest road network, covering approximately 66.71 lakh kilometers, with national highways constituting 2% and carrying over 40% of total traffic.
  • There are currently 599 national highways spanning 1,46,145 kilometers (December 2023).
  • Classification: These highways are classified into various categories such as
    • North-South Corridors
    • East-West Corridors
    • Golden Quadrilateral (connecting Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata)
    • 3-D Highways (highway with 3 digit number, secondary branch of the main highway)
  • Key organizations involved: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), Border Roads Organization (BRO), and National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (NHIDCL).
  • Government initiatives: Bharatmala Pariyojana and allowing 100% FDI in roads and highways under the automatic route

PYQ

Q: With reference to India's projects on connectivity, consider the following Statements: (2023)

  1. East-West Corridor under Golden Quadrilateral Project connects Dibrugarh and Surat.
  2. Trilateral Highway connects Moreh in Manipur and Chiang Mai in Thailand via Myanmar.
  3. Bangladesh - China - India - Myanmar Economic Corridor connects Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh with Kunming in China.

How many of the above statements are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None

Solution: (d)

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