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Hari Singh Nalwa

  • Category
    Art and culture
  • Published
    6th Sep, 2021

Context

Hari Singh Nalwa, a legendary Sikh commander, earned the reputation of the most fearless Sikh warrior in Afghanistan.

Key facts on Hari Singh Nalwa

  • Hari Singh Nalwa was one of the main and most trustworthy commanders of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s
  • He remained Governor of Kashmir, Hazara and Peshawar.
  • He defeated various Afghans and established control over various regions along the boundary of Afghanistan and prevented Afghans from entering Punjab through Khyber Pass.
    • Khyber Pass was the main route to enter India by the foreign invaders from 1000 AD till early 19th century.
  • Hari Singh Nalwa was the biggest strength of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
  • The government of India released a stamp on the name of Nalwa in 2013, for his bravery and ferocity.

Important Battles

  • Most of the important battles were fought under the command of Hari Singh Nalwa.
  • Hari Singh Nalwa participated in various battles against Afghans because of which Afghans lost their control over various Afghan-held territories.
  • Battle of Kasur: In 1807, at the age of 16, he participated in the Battle of Kasur (now in Pakistan) and defeated Afghani ruler Kutab-ud-din Khan.
  • Battle of Peshawar: In 1818, Sikh army under Nalwa won the Battle of Peshawar and
  • The Battle of Multan, Hazara, Manekera, Kashmir also expanded Sikh empire by defeating Afghans.
  • Such victories over Afghans created huge fear of Nalwa among the Afghans because of which his name is used to take in front of unruly children by their mothers.
  • Nalwa remained stationed at Peshawar to keep an eye on the Afghan-Punjab border.
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