‘Health in India: MoSPI’

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    8th Oct, 2020

Context

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the report of a survey titled ‘Health in India’, whose main objective was to gather basic quantitative information on India’s health sector.

About

  • The report is released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
  • It details aspects of the role played by government and private sector facilities.
  • It also contains health information for separate religious communities, including estimates of their susceptibility to ailments.
  • The report is based on information collected through NSS Schedule 25.0 (Household Social Consumption: Health) spread over the entire Indian Union.
  • Data were collected through a sample survey of 1.13 lakh households covering 5.55 lakh persons.

How ‘healthy’ is India?

  • Around 7.5 percent of Indians reported that they were suffering from ailments.
  • The difference in people suffering from ailments in rural and urban India was stark.
    • rural India- 6.8 per cent
    • urban India- 9.1 per cent

Which religious group is the most prone to illness?

  • The Zoroastrian community remains the most susceptible to ailments.
  • This number for other communities is:
    • Jains- 11.2 per cent
    • Sikhs- 11 per cent
    • Christians- 10.5 per cent
    • Muslims- 8.1 per cent
    • Buddhists- 8 per cent
    • Hindus- 7.2 per cent

What is Ailment?

  • The survey defines ailment as any deviation from a person’s state of physical and mental well-being.
  • The ‘Proportion of Persons who Responded as Ailing’ or PPRA, in a 15-day period when they were approached by the surveyors, were registered as those suffering from ailments.

Division in terms of sex

  • Women remain more susceptible to suffering from ailments than men.
    • In rural India 6.1 per cent of males said that they were suffering from ailments, while 7.6 per cent of rural women said the same.
    • While 8.2 per cent of urban males said that they were sick, 10 per cent urban females said the same
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