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Inauguration of country’s First Private LNG Facility plant at Nagpur

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    19th Jul, 2021

The Government inaugurated the country’s first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) facility plant at Nagpur.

Context

The Government inaugurated the country’s first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) facility plant at Nagpur.

About

About the new terminal

  • The LNG facility plant aims to reduce the dependence on import of petrol diesel and petroleum products which is a big challenge.
  • Furthermore, it will encourage development of imports substitute cost effective pollution free and indigenous ethanol, bio CNG, LNG and hydrogen fuels.

What is Natural Gas?

  • Natural gas is the lightest hydrocarbon, with one carbon atom for 4 hydrogen atoms (CH4).
  • Its combustion does not emit soot, dust or fumes.
  • It generates 30% less carbon dioxide (CO2) than fuel oil and 45% less than coal, with a twofold reduction in nitrogen oxide (N0x) emissions and very low sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions.

Key-facts about LNG

  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to a liquid state, at about -260° Fahrenheit, for shipping and storage.
  • The volume of natural gas in its liquid state is about 600 times smaller than its volume in its gaseous state.
  • This liquefactionprocess (developed in the 19th century), makes it possible to transport natural gas to places natural gas pipelines do not reach and to use natural gas as a transportation fuel.

Clean Energy status in India

  • Indian renewable energy sector is the fourth most attractive renewable energy market in the world1. India was ranked fifth in wind power, fifth in solar power and fourth in renewable power installed capacity, as of 2019.
  • The government is aiming to achieve 227 GW of renewable energy capacity (including 114 GW of solar capacity addition and 67 GW of wind power capacity) by 2022, more than its 175 GW target as per the Paris Agreement. The government plans to establish renewable energy capacity of 523 GW (including 73 GW from Hydro) by 2030.

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