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India to construct fencing along Indo-Myanmar border

Published: 9th Feb, 2024

Context

The Centre has decided to construct a fence along the entire 1,643-kilometer-long Indo-Myanmar border.

The Plan

  • Target: to construct a fence along the entire 1,643-kilometer-long Indo-Myanmar border.
  • Aim: to enhance surveillance capabilities and establish a patrol track along the border for effective monitoring.
  • The Bordering States
  • Manipur shares a 398-kilometer border with Myanmar.
    • Out of the total border length, a 10 km stretch in Moreh, Manipur, has already been fenced. 
  • Arunachal Pradesh shares a 520-kilometer border
  • Nagaland’s border with Myanmar spans 215 kilometers.

India & its neighbourhood

  • India has the third-largest international border in the world. It also serves as the most sensitive border of the world.
  • 9 countries in total share the international borders with India out of which 7 countries share land borders whereas 2 countries share sea borders.
  • The length of the land border is 15,106.7 km and the coastline border is 7,516.6 km

Countries

Border Length

Boundaries

Afghanistan

 

The border length is 106 km.

The Indian state which shares its border with this country is Ladakh (PoK).

Bangladesh

 

The border length is 4096.7 km

There are many states which share its border with this country. The states are – West Bengal, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Assam.

Bhutan

 

The border length is 699 km.

The states which share the border with this country are – West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Assam.

China

 

The border length is 3488 km. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the borderline shared by India and China.

 

The regions which share the border with this country are – Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim.

Myanmar

 

The border length is – 1643 km.

The regions which share the Myanmar border are – Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland

Nepal

 

The border length is 1751 km. 

The regions which share the Nepal-India border are – West Bengal, Sikkim, Bihar, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh. 

Pakistan

 

The border length is 3323 km. The Line of Control (LoC) is shared between Pakistan and India.

The regions which share the Indo-Pak border are – Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan Gujarat, and Ladakh

Sri Lanka

 

This country also shares a sea-line border with India. It lies in the South-West part of the Indian Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island

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