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Kaiser-i-Hind Butterfly declared state butterfly of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    23rd Nov, 2021

Context

Recently, Arunachal Pradesh has approved the large, brightly coloured Kaiser-i-Hind as its State butterfly.

About

Important facts about the species

  • Scientific Name- Teinopalpus imperialis
  • Kaiser-i-Hind (meaning Emperor of India) is a very rare and elusive swallowtail butterfly.
    • Swallowtail butterfly is any of a group of butterflies in the family Papilionidae (order Lepidoptera).
  • The species is found at medium and higher elevations. It flies high in the canopy of broad-leaved temperate evergreen forests.
    • The temperate evergreen forests are found in the Eastern and Western Himalayas.
  • This butterfly with a 90-120 mm wingspan is found in six states (West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam, Sikkim, and Manipur) along the Eastern Himalayas at elevations from 6,000-10,000 feet in well-wooded terrain.
    • Its presence indicates the existence of a good forest ecosystem and protection.

Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 Declaration

  • Arunachal Pradesh adopted the Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 Declaration on Climate Change-Resilient and Responsive Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The declaration is aimed at lowering emissions and achieving sustainable development.
  • The butterfly also flutters in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, and southern China.

Protection Status

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN): Near Threatened
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES): Appendix II
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule II

Other butterflies in the news

  • Malabar Banded Peacock or the Buddha Mayoori was recently declared the ‘State Butterfly’ of Kerala will have a dedicated butterfly park in Kochi.
  • Tamil Nadu has also recently declared Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroa Thais) as its state butterfly to symbolize its rich natural and cultural heritage.
  • Other states to have state butterflies are
    • Maharashtra (Blue Mormon)
    • Uttarakhand (Common peacock)
    • Karnataka (Southern birdwings)
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