Ministry of Women and Child Development has released full report of the pan-India survey titled ‘Mapping and Review Exercise of Child Care Institutions’ conducted between December 2015 and March 2017.
The survey was conducted by Childline India Foundation and the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR).
The report highlights the poor safety and security measures, inadequate monitoring and a lack of effort to trace parents of missing children sent to these homes as major lacunas of the existing shelter homes.
The detailed report shows that only 46.7% of the total homes had adequate number of caregivers per child
Only 28.7% centres were able to tend to inmates showing signs of hunger or illness and 65.9% of homes were able to actively supervise children under trauma.
The report also says that the lack of infrastructure facilities is “glaring” and finds that more than 1,000 homes did not have a dormitory for children, raising questions about sleeping arrangements made for them.
Only 19.3% of CCIs made an effort to trace the biological parents of a rescued child. Similarly, a mere 18.32% of the homes made an effort to file an FIR in case of missing children reported to it.
Only 37.21% centres maintained records of a child being reunited with his or her family, such as a letter from a parent or a guardian with an identity proof.
Children of single parents constituted a third of the total number of total children in homes, accounting for 1,20,118 children. This number is largest than any of the categories including orphaned or those surrendered by their parents.
According to the report many child care institutions (CCIs) recorded a poor rate of producing a child before the CWC, ranging from no such cases in Manipur through 17% in Kerala, 32 % in Uttar Pradesh to 48% in Sikkim and 50% in Uttarakhand.
The findings of the report goes against The Juvenile Justice Act (Care and Protection of Children), 2015, which lays down that sending children to an institution should be the last resort and that they have the right to be re-united with their families at the earliest.
The Act requires that a child brought to a home be produced before a
Child Welfare Committee (CWC) within 24 hours. The CWC then declares the child abandoned, surrendered or orphaned.
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
It is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
The Commission's mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The Commission visualizes a rights-based perspective flowing into National Policies and Programmes, along with nuanced responses at the State, District and Block levels, taking care of specificity and strengths of each region.
Childline India Foundation
It is the nodal agency of the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development acting as the parent organisation for setting up, managing and monitoring the CHILDLINE 1098 service all over the country.
CIF is the sole agency/body responsible for establishing the CHILDLINE service in the cities/districts of the country, monitoring of service delivery and finance, training, research and documentation, creating awareness, advocacy as well as resource generation for the service.