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National Supercomputing Mission

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    19th Mar, 2019

IIT Kharagpur will receive a 1.3 petaflop high power computing facility and a data centre under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

Context

IIT Kharagpur will receive a 1.3 petaflop high power computing facility and a data centre under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

About

What is National Supercomputing Mission?

  • It envisages empowering our national academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN).
  • Academic and R&D institutions as well as key user departments/ministries would participate by using these facilities and develop applications of national relevance.
  • The Mission also includes development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC) aware human resource for meeting challenges of development of these applications.
  • The Mission implementation would bring supercomputing within the reach of the large Scientific & Technology community in the country and enable the country with a capacity of solving multi-disciplinary grand challenge problems.
  • The Mission is implemented and steered jointly by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) at an estimated cost of Rs.4500 crore over a period of seven years (2015-2022).
  • The first Supercomputer designed and built under Build approach of National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) by C-DAC at Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi was dedicated to the scientific and research community of the nation in order to strengthen the research and development activities in the country.
  • Named “PARAM Shivay”, the supercomputer uses more than one lakh twenty thousand compute cores (CPU + GPU cores) to offer a peak compute power of 833 TeraFlops.

Application areas:

  • Climate Modelling
  • Weather Prediction
  • Aerospace Engineering including CFD, CSM, CEM
  • Computational Biology
  • Molecular Dynamics
  • Atomic Energy Simulations
  • National Security/ Defence Applications
  • Seismic Analysis
  • Disaster Simulations and Management
  • Computational Chemistry
  • Computational Material Science and Nanomaterials
  • Discoveries beyond Earth (Astrophysics)
  • Large Complex Systems Simulations and Cyber Physical Systems
  • Big Data Analytics
  • Finance
  • Information repositories/ Government Information Systems

                                            Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)

    • It is the premier R&D organization of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.
    • Different areas of C-DAC, had originated at different times, many of which came out as a result of identification of opportunities.

                                                      National Knowledge Network (NKN)

    • It is a state-of-the-art Pan-India network and is a revolutionary step towards creating a knowledge society without boundaries.
    • It will provide unprecedented benefits to the knowledge community and mankind at large.
    • Using NKN, all vibrant institutions with vision and passion will be able to transcend space and time limitations in accessing information and knowledge and derive the associated benefits for themselves and for the society.
    • It will facilitate the development of India's information infrastructure, stimulate research, and create next generation applications and services.
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