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Onion Exports

Published: 5th Apr, 2024

Context

India has allowed onion exports to a few countries on priority in response to diplomatic requests, but it will continue to ban overseas shipments amid projections of lower output for two years in a row.

Onion Production in India

  • Rabi or winter-harvested onion is critical for country’s availability as it contributes 72-75% of India’s annual production.
  • It is also crucial for ensuring year-round availability as it has a better shelf life compared to kharif or summer onion, and therefore can be stored for supplies till November-December.
  • India is the world’s largest exporter of onion.
  • Projection of lower output: India is expected to harvest 19.3 million tonnes of rabi or winter-grown onions during 2023-24, which is about 18% lower than the production of 23.6 million tonnes in the previous season.

Fact Box

  • Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed. 
  • Kharif crops- rice, maize, millet, ragi, pulses, soybean, groundnut.

UPSC PYQ: (Changing pattern)

Q: Consider the following crops: (UPSC 2013)
1. Coconut
2. Groundnut
3. Rice
4. Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1,2 and 3

(d) 2, 3 and 4
Solution: (c)

Consider the following statements: (UPSC 2021)

1. Moringa (drumstick tree) is a leguminous evergreen tree.

2. Tamarind tree is endemic to South Asia.

3. In India, most of the tamarind is collected as minor forest produce.

4. India exports tamarind and seeds of moringa.

5. Seeds of moringa and tamarind can be used in the production of biofuels.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) 1, 2, 4 and 5

b) 3, 4 and 5

c) 1, 3 and 4

d) 1, 2, 3 and 5

Solution: (c)

Verifying, please be patient.

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