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PM-SHRI scheme

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    9th Sep, 2022

Context

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced a new centrally sponsored scheme, aimed at upgrading 14,500 schools across India to showcase the components of the National Education Policy, 2020.

About

What is the PM-SHRI scheme?

  • The scheme will be called PM SHRI Schools (PM Schools for Rising India).
  • Under the said scheme, as many as 14,500 schools across states and Union Territories will be redeveloped to reflect the key features of the National Education Policy (NEP), 2020.
  • We already have exemplary schools like NavodayaVidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalayas. The PM SHRI is envisaged to act as“NEP labs”.

What is a centrally sponsored scheme?

  • A centrally sponsored scheme is one where the cost of implementation is likely to split in the 60:40 ratio among the Union government and the states/Union Territories.
  • It can vary for Northeastern and Himalayan states upto 90% for Centre’s share.

Key Features of NEP in School Education:

  • The NEP envisages a curricular structure and teaching style divided into various stages:
  • Foundational: The foundational years (pre-school and grades I, and II) will involve play-based learning.
  • Preparatory: At the preparatory level (III-V), light textbooks are to be introduced along with some formal classroom teaching.
  • Middle: Subject teachers are to be introduced at the middle level (VI-VIII).
  • Secondary: Secondary stage (IX-XII) will be multidisciplinary with no hard separation between arts and sciences or other disciplines.

How will PM SHRI schools be different from existing schools of excellence?

  • PM SHRI schools will be an upgrade of existing schools run by the Centre, states, UTs and local bodies like KendriyaVidyalayas or JawaharNavodayaVidyalayas.
  • This essentially means that PM SHRI schools can either be KVs, JNVs, state government schools or even those run by municipal corporations.

Where will the PM SHRI schools come up?

  • The Centre has not yet released the list of schoolsthat have been chosen for this purpose.
  • The PM SHRI schools will also “offer mentorship” to other schools in their vicinity.
  • These schools will be equipped with modern infrastructure including labssmart classrooms, sports equipment, etc.
  • They shall also be developed as green schools with water conservation, waste recycling, energy-efficient infrastructure and integration of organic lifestyle in curriculum.
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