Recapitalization of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs)
31st Mar, 2020
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of the process of recapitalization of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) by providing minimum regulatory capital to RRBs for another year beyond 2019-20, that is, up to 2020-21 for those RRBs which are unable to maintain minimum Capital to Risk weighted Assets Ratio (CRAR) of 9%, as per the regulatory norms prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India.
- The Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) were established in 1975 under the provisions of the Ordinance promulgated on 26th September, 1975 and Regional Rural Banks Act, 1976.
- The objective is to develop the rural economy by providing, for the purpose of development of agriculture, trade, commerce, industry and other productive activities in the rural areas, credit and other facilities, particularly to small and marginal farmers, agricultural labourers, artisans and small entrepreneurs, and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.
- As per RBI guidelines, the RRBs have to provide 75% of their total credit under PSL (Priority Sector Lending).
Priority Sector Lending:
- Priority sector lending focuses on the idea of directing the lending of the banks towards few specified sectors and activities in the economy
- Private Sector Lending comprises the following:
- Agriculture (which includes the sub-categories namely Farm credit, Agriculture Infrastructure and Ancillary activities).
- Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
- Export Credit
- Social Infrastructure
- Renewable Energy
- RRBs are primarily catering to the credit and banking requirements of agriculture sector and rural areas with focus on small and marginal farmers, micro & small enterprises, rural artisans and weaker sections of the society.
- In addition, RRBs also provide lending to micro/small enterprises and small entrepreneurs in rural areas.
- As per the law, the Centre holds 50 percent stake in Regional Rural Banks, while 35 percent and 15 percent shares are with the concerned sponsor banks and state governments respectively.