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Survey to assess women participation in workforce

Published: 2nd Feb, 2024

Context

The Union Ministries of Labour& Employment and Women & Child Development have started a joint survey on increasing women participation in the workforce.

About

About The Survey-

  • The survey is being taken to assess the spread of women employee-friendly practices in the country.
  • Various international agencies and trade unions, including the International Labour Organization, had expressed concern over the decrease in participation of female workforce in the country.

Recent Data –

PLFS Data (2022-23):

  • The latest Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) results, released in October 2023, indicate a significant increase in women's participation in the labor force.
  • The participation rate has risen from 3% in 2017-18 to 37% in 2022-23.
  • The survey includes questions on various policies, such as the formation of internal complaints committees for preventing sexual harassment, provision of creche facilities, ensuring equal pay for equal work, offering flexible or remote working hours, and providing transportation facilities during late hours.

About Periodic Labour Force Survey:

  • The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) is a comprehensive and recurring survey conducted by the Government of India through the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).
  • The primary objective of the PLFS is to collect data related to labor force participation, employment, and unemployment in the country.
  • The survey aims to provide up-to-date and detailed information about the labor market in India, which is crucial for policymakers, researchers, and other stakeholders.
  • PLFS collects data in two ways — Usual Status (US) and Current Weekly Status (CWS).
  • Within usual status, the survey respondent has to recall their employment details from the last one year while in the CWS; the respondent has to recall the details over the past one week.
  • Usual Status of Employment: The estimate of the labour force in the usual status includes;
    • The persons who either worked or were seeking/available for work for a relatively long part of the 365 days preceding the date of survey and also;
    • those persons from among the remaining population who had worked at least for 30 days during the reference period of 365 days preceding the date of survey.
  • The estimate of the labour force according to the current weekly status approach is derived by considering those who worked for at least 1 hour or was seeking/ available for work for at least 1 hour on any day during the 7 days preceding the date of survey.

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