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Udaipur’s ‘bird village’ to be declared wetland

  • Category
    Ecology and Environment
  • Published
    6th Jul, 2022

Context

Menar in Udaipur district is set to be notified as Rajasthan's new wetland.

About

  • The two lakes in the village – the Brahma and Dhandh – play host to a large number of migratory birds in the winter season every year.
  • The State government's Forest Department has initiated the process for notification of Menar as a wetland, which will recognise its role in the storage of sediment and nutrients and enable the local authorities to maintain the Brahma and Dhandh lakes.
    • With the status of wetland, the two lakes will be strengthened for increasing vegetation of aquatic plants and protecting biodiversity.
  • Observed Species:
    • More than 150 species of local and migratory birds inhabit the two lakes in the winter season.
    • They include Greater Flamingo, White-tailed Lapwing, Pelican, Marsh Harrier, Bar-headed Goose, Common Teal, Greenshank, Pintail, Wagtail, Green Sandpiper and Red-wattled Lapwing.
    • Bird lovers and tourists flock to the village after the arrival of migratory birds from as far as Central Asia, Europe and Mongolia.
  • Other Ramsar Sites in Rajasthan:

At present, Rajasthan has two wetlands recognised as Ramsar sites –

    • Keoladeo Ghana in Bharatpur district
    • Sambhar Salt Lake in Jaipur district.

About Wetlands

  • Wetlands are land areas that are saturated or flooded with water either permanently or seasonally. 
  • Inland wetlands include marshes, ponds, lakes, fens, rivers, floodplains, and swamps. 
  • Coastal wetlandsinclude saltwater marshes, estuaries, mangroves, lagoons, and even coral reefs. Fishponds, rice paddies, and saltpans are human-made wetlands.
  • Ramsar Convention
  • The Ramsar Convention is an international agreement promoting the conservation of wetlands.
  • The Convention was adopted at Ramsar in Iran in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Almost 90% of the UN member states are part of the Convention.
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