With Chennai and Maharashtra water crisis, water management issues have again taken centre stage. NITI Aayog reiterated its strategy for water resources in “Strategy for new India@75” document which included adopting an integrated river basin management approach, and setting up of river basin organisations (RBOs) for major basins.
With Chennai and Maharashtra water crisis, water management issues have again taken centre stage. NITI Aayog reiterated its strategy for water resources in “Strategy for new India@75” document which included adopting an integrated river basin management approach, and setting up of river basin organisations (RBOs) for major basins
What is Water Management?
Water situation in India:-
Causes for the Water vulnerability:-
Major steps and water management strategies adopted by Government:-
Ministry of Jal Shakti was formed by merging two ministries i.e. Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Central water Commission has divided the country into 20 rivers basins comprising 12 major and 8 composite river basins. To address the multi-faceted nature of water management, government has introduced an integrated approach to water resources management at the national and basin level. This includes improving institutional arrangements and working practices.
The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India
(Watershed Development Component) (WDC-PMKSY) - The main objectives of the WDC-PMKSY are to restore the ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover.
Neeranchal is a World Bank assisted National Watershed Management Project. Neeranchal is designed to further strengthen and provide technical assistance to the Watershed Component of PMKSY, in particular and all components of PMKSY, in general, to enhance its delivery capacity.
The path ahead:-
The most important crops of India — rice, wheat and sugarcane, are the most water consuming crops. Rice which is a major export crop consumes about 3,500 litres of water for a kilogram of grain produced. Further with constant population increase and depletion in water resources water management will increasingly become more difficult in future. The picture of the same is visible in precipitating crisis of water in southern states. Water management needs to be the central focus of efforts in the agriculture sector and the environment improvement.
Verifying, please be patient.