The Additional Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati has mentioned in the Supreme Court answering a plea against the government’s efforts to conserve Wildlife that the Tiger population has increased by 6% since the last census.
About Tiger count in India:
India had about 2,967 tigers in its wildlife as per the last count in 2018, which shows their population was growing at an annual rate of 6 per cent.
Every 4 years the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) conducts a tiger census across
The first was conducted in 2006, followed by 2010 and in
The Census (2014) reported 2,226 tigers in the country, up from 1,706 in 2010.
India’s Tiger habitat:
Project Tiger was launched in 1973 for conserving our national animal
It is a Centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change
The project is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)
NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY:
It is a statutory
Established in 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task
It was Established in 2005, following the recommendations of the Tiger Task
It was given statutory status by the 2006 amendment of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it.
Functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
TIGER RELOCATION PROJECTS:
The tiger relocation project was initiated in 2018 wherein two big cats, a male (Mahavir) from Kanha Tiger Reserve and a female (Sundari) from Bandhavgarh from Madhya Pradesh were relocated to Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Odisha, to shore up the tiger population in the
The relocation was meant to serve two purposes:
Reducing the tiger population in areas with excess tigers majorly reduces territorial
To reintroduce tigers in areas where the population has considerably reduced due to various reasons.
TIGER SPECIAL PROTECTION FORCE:
It will be effective in checking illegal human intrusion into the reserve through villages located on its fringes and serve as a second layer of protection for tigers
The decision is in line with Central Government’s guidelines for providing three-tier protection to tigers at reserves
Three-tier protection for tigers at reserves
1st layer of protection: It is provided in the inner range by beat-level forest guards through regular patrols.
2nd layer of protection: It is provided by STPF.
3rd layer of protection: it comes from intelligence-gathering mechanisms in which forest, police and central intelligence agency personnel work together to prevent crimes like the poaching of tigers.
GLOBAL TIGER FORUM:
It is an Inter-Governmental international body working exclusively for the conservation of
Established in 1994, the Global Tiger Forum (GTF) has its headquarters in New
The General Assembly of GTF meets every three
It is a global commitment to double the world's wild tigers by 2022
The base year is 2006
The goal has been set by the world wildlife Fund (WWF) through the Global Tiger Initiative, Global Tiger Forum, and other critical platforms
All 13 tiger range governments came together for the first time at the Petersburg Summit(Russia- 2010) where they committed to double the number of wild tigers by 2022
GLOBAL TIGER INITIATIVE:
Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) was launched in 2008 as a global alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society, conservation, and scientific communities, and the private sector, with the aim of working together to save wild tigers from
In 2013, the scope was broadened to include Snow
The GTI’s founding partners included the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Smithsonian Institution, the Save the Tiger Fund, and International Tiger Coalition (representing more than 40 non-government organizations).
The initiative is led by the 13 tiger range countries (TRCs).
INTEGRATED TIGER HABITAT CONSERVATION PROGRAM (ITHCP):
ITHCP was launched in 2014. It is a strategic funding mechanism that aims to save tigers in the wild, and their habitats and to support human populations in key locations throughout
It has already facilitated 12 projects in six countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Nepal and Myanmar) to better manage Tiger Conservation Landscapes.
It is contributing to the Global Tiger Recovery Programme (GTRP), a global effort to double tiger numbers in the wild by 2022.
It aimed at promoting a global system to protect the natural habitat of tigers and raise awareness among people on white tiger conservation
This resolution was adopted In November 2010, by the leaders of 13 tiger range countries (TRCs) assembled at an International Tiger Forum in Petersburg, Russia
The resolution’s implementation mechanism is called the Global Tiger Recovery Program whose overarching goal was to double the number of wild tigers from about 3,200 to more than 7,000 by
13 Tiger range countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
Although we are moving progressively towards conserving more and more tigers, a few threats are still there standing as a resistance in the conservation practices:
Three tiger reserves of India: Mizoram's Dampa reserve, West Bengal's Buxa reserve and Jharkhand's Palamau reserve have no tigers left.
The tiger reserves are having poor interconnectivity with each other due to which the gene exchange among the tiger population can barely take
There has occurred a human-tiger conflict as the tiger conservation practice has grown but their natural habitats are already shrinking and hence, they are seeking their habitat in human habitation.
Poaching of tigers is taken as pride and every part of a tiger has a market value therefore they are being hunted indiscriminately for personal as well as commercial
The constrained mentality of the local communities regarding tiger poaching as their only job is a major challenge to tiger conservation.
Linear developments such as that railways and roadways are critical issues in creating conservation.