Why is the world getting closer to Internet from the skies?

  • Published
    7th Jun, 2021

GS-III: Science and Technology

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
Context

Following the recent successful launch of 36 satellites, One Web’s Low Earth Orbit (LEO) constellation reached 218 in-orbit satellites. The company only has one more launch to complete before it obtains the capacity to enable its ‘Five to 50’ service of offering internet connectivity to all regions north of 50 degrees latitude.

  • OneWeb is a global communications company that aims to deliver broadband satellite Internet around the world through its fleet of LEO satellites.

Prelims question:

Consider the following statements regarding Low Earth Orbit technology:

  1. LEO satellites are able to provide stronger signals and faster speeds than traditional fixed-satellite systems.
  2. LEO satellites always follow a particular path around Earth in the same way, which is why LEO is a very commonly used orbit.
  3. As this technology is more expensive than the other two mediums of Internet, it is preferable in areas that cannot be reached by fibre and spectrum services.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

How does Satellite Internet work? Discuss the opportunities and concerns associated with Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite-based internet service.   (250 words)

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