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World Sanskrit Day

  • Published
    1st Sep, 2023
Context

World Sanskrit Day, also referred to as International Sanskrit Day, Sanskrit Diwas and Vishwa Samskrita Dinam is observed on the day of Shravana Poornima, i.e. 31st August 2023 this year.

Background
  • World Sanskrit Day has a history that can be traced back, to 1969.
  • It was during this year that the Indian Government decided to honor and celebrate the contributions of Panini, a figure, in the realm of Sanskrit language and linguistics.
  • The declaration was made to commemorate Paninis work on the occasion of his birth anniversary. Since then this special day has been.

Key Facts:

  • Ashtadhyayi was a Sanskrit treatise on grammar written in the 6th to 5th century BCE by the Indian grammarian Panini.
  • This work set the linguistic standards for Classical Sanskrit.
  • It sums up in 4,000 sutras the science of phonetics and grammar that had evolved in the Vedic religion.
  • Panini divided his work into eight chapters, each of which is further divided into quarter chapters.
  • Beyond defining the morphology and syntax of Sanskrit language, Ashtadhyayi distinguishes between usage in the spoken language and usage that is proper to the language of the sacred texts.

About the day:

  • The purpose of this day is to raise awareness and promote Sanskrit, one of India’s oldest languages.
  • Sanskrit holds importance as it serves as the foundation, for classical texts in disciplines such, as Literature, Philosophy, Mathematics and Science.
  • Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in the world, and it is considered to be the mother of all Indo-Aryan languages.
  • It is a highly inflected language, with a complex system of grammar and morphology.

Significance of World Sanskrit Day

  • To promote the ancient language Sanskrit, and highlight its historical, cultural, and intellectual value.
  • World Sanskrit Day acknowledges the contribution of Sanskrit language in different fields like Literature, Science, Philosophy, and more.
  • Currently, Sanskrit is not widely spoken in India. The purpose of World Sanskrit Day is to encourage people to study and use Sanskrit language.
  • World Sanskrit Day focuses on highlighting the linguistic, literary, and cultural aspects of Sanskrit on a global level.
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