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The Government has reoriented the agriculture sector by focusing on an income-centeredness approach which focuses on achieving high productivity, reducing cost of cultivation and remunerative price on the produce, with a view to earn higher profits from farming. Various initiatives by way of schemes and policy reforms have been rolled out in consonance with his approach:-
For Higher Production Through Productivity Gains:
For Reduction in Cost of Cultivation:
For Providing Assistance To Small and Marginal Farmers:
Ensure Remunerative Returns:
For Allied Activities-
A Paradigm Shift-
Research and Technology:
Manage Post-Harvest and Minimise the Price Shocks:
Facts and Figures:- Current Scenario
Conservation Agriculture (CA)
Integrated Farming Systems (IFS)
Precise Nutrient Management and Soil Health Cards
Efficient Water Management
Integrated Crop Management (ICM)
Key Challenges Facing the Indian Agriculture Sector-
o Decreasing size of agricultural land holdings- increases input cost and also irrigation becomes difficult in a small fragmentation of land.
o Poor transport infrastructure and poor storage facilities- it becomes extremely difficult to store and subsequently transport agricultural produce from remote areas, owing to lack of cold storage and transport facilities.
o Lack of use of modern technology- results in gross wastage of the produce
o Lack of proper irrigation facilities and loss of soil fertility- results in loss of remunerative income for the farmer
o Inadequate access to agricultural credit and lack of marketing support- due to the small and marginal farmers, who account for more than half of the total land holdings, are unable to access institutionalized credit and are left in the sphere of uncertainty.
Efficient Management of Resources-
Sustainable management of soil health is a key area of concern for raising productivity of farms. Soil heath Card recommends suitable fertilizer mix as well as micronutrients for use in specific farm. Similarly, promotion and use of neem-coated urea also optimized its consumption and decreased cost of fertilizers.
New Crops-New Ways
High yielding varieties are developed with a target to increase crop yield by 15-20 per cent under normal conditions but efficient input management and scientific package of practices increase the potential upto 45 percent. Mechanization and energy management in agriculture is another core sector with excellent potential to increase productivity and farmers income.
Crop Diversity- Crop Intensity
The aim of crop diversification is to increase crop portfolio so that farmers are not dependent on a single crop to generate their income. Diversification also manages prick risk appropriately because all products will not suffer low market prices at the same time.
Livestock for Livelihood
Breed improvement, better feed and nutrition, animal health, and better heard composition are some of the important measures that can raise livestock productivity and farmers income.
The prime function of the Government agencies is to create an ecosystem for the larger acceptance for the reforms. This requires three things- information, intelligence and interaction. Right information gathered through the intelligent systems should be placed before stakeholders to make an informed decision rather than based on anecdotes.
A paradigm shift is required to look agriculture differently and government initiatives should provide the hand holding support for the agriculture sector to grow and progress. Agriculture sector has to achieve its objective of maximizing efficiency and also ensuring equity in a sustainable manner. More importance should be given to the constructive use of water, proper crop selection and use of modern irrigation technologies to ensure a high agricultural productivity.
Verifying, please be patient.