Gist of Kurukshetra- Rural Prosperity: Rural Health:
7th Oct, 2019
Rural health in India has made progress in terms of services and infrastructure in the last seven decades. The period of 2002-17 has been argued as the first major health system reforms since India’s independence. The period of 2017-19 has many similarities with the period of 2002-05 and has potential to become the second wave of health reforms in India.
- Two-third of India’s population lives in rural areas. Health of rural population is vital for the overall health and development of nation.
National Health Policy 2017:
- Proposal that Govt. would be sole provider of Primary health care services.
- Provision and attention on special populations such as Tribal health.
- Increasing Government spending on health to 2.5 per cent of GDP by 2025.
- Two-third or more govt. spending on health for primary health care.
- State governments to increase spending from 5 per cent to 8 per cent of state budget.
NITI Aayog strategic plan for new India(2018-22)
- Universal health coverage,
- Comprehensive primary health care,
- Human resources for health; and
- Public health care and management.
New health initiatives by Government for newborns and adolescents:
- Rashtriya Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (RSSK)
- Rashtriya Bal Suraksha Karyakaram (RBSK)
- Rashtriya Kishor Suraksha Karyakaram (RKSK)