Gist of Report: Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
14th Mar, 2022
The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) has been used by the United Nations Development Programme in its flagship Human Development Report since 2010 and is the most widely employed non-monetary poverty index in the world. It captures overlapping deprivations in health, education and living standards. It complements income poverty measurements because it measures and compares deprivations directly.
In this context, a national Multidimensional Poverty Index for India will enable estimation of poverty not only at the level of the States but also for all the 700 plus districts (600 plus in 2015-16, 700 plus in 2019-20) across twelve indicators, capture simultaneous deprivations and indicator-wise contribution to poverty, and most importantly, will facilitate formulation of sectoral policies and targeted interventions which contribute towards ensuring that “no one is left behind”. The district-wise estimation of the national MPI will also ensure reaching out to the furthest behind first through focused efforts on specific indicators and dimensions.
This report is highly relevant from UPSC CSE - GS Paper 2 point of view.