Just as wars over oil played a major role in 20th-century history, it is being prophesied that the 21st century conflicts will be fought over the scarcity of water. Water stress is being experienced across the world with increased spells of drought, desertification, and inequitable access to water. Sustainable Development Goal-6, of ensuring access to water and sanitation for all, involves reaching to people who lack basic services and improving accessibility. It emphasizes on the people-centric strategy for water management to be sustainable.
The Covid-19 pandemic even has re-emphasized the value of clean and accessible water in our lives.
Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Key Intervention Areas
Important facts on water availability in India
Measures taken to address the water crisis
Water is believed to be a major source of geopolitical conflict in this century. It is therefore critical to manage this natural resource well. The Government of India is working towards ensuring water security and strengthening water sector governance.
Water management in India (timeline)
How dried water supply changed the situation?
In all this, new solutions emerged — if the affordable water supply was critical, then cities needed to cut the length of their distribution pipelines. If cities needed to ensure affordable sanitation for all and affordable treatment of wastewater, onsite systems could be re-engineered so that waste was collected from each household, transported, and treated.
Water management practices
In today’s climate-risked world, our water future is about our water wisdom and in this we must recognize that water and culture go together.
Water is enshrined as a human right in resolution number 64/292 of the United Nations General Assembly, which calls upon Governments to ensure adequate and affordable quantities of safe water for domestic use. Providing water to every household is an inescapable duty of any Government.
Until August 15, 2019, only 3.23 Crore rural households out of a total 19.18 Crore households had piped water connections. The non-availability of potable piped water has far-reaching implications on people belonging to the weaker most sections of society and especially women.
So, there is need to provide potable water to every household to secure our human capital and to prevent stunting of our future generations.
Measures taken to address the water crisis
Jal Jeevan Mission is not merely a scheme whose outcome is limited to the aggregate of tap water connections provided. It aims to mitigate the economic, social, and physical hardships that the weaker most sections of our society have to endure in absence of a supply of regular, reliable, and safe drinking water.
It is ushering a social revolution marked by people’s participation, empowerment, convergence, inclusion, and equity.
The activities under the National Water Mission, which aims to optimize water use efficiency by 20%, look to conserve water, minimize wastage and ensure more equitable distribution both across and within states with a special focus on recycling of wastewater.
Focus on Service Delivery
Special Focus on Children
Making Water Everyone’s Business
Features of the Village Action Plan
Village Water & Sanitation Committee and its role
An Invisible Resource
The Indian context
Thus, even if we store every drop of available water, we will still fall short in 2050, unless we manage demand.
Defects in Earlier Schemes
The Community Leads the Way
Atal Bhujal Yojana, to institutionalize the community-led approach
Disbursement of Resources against measurable Indicators
SBM Phase II: From ODF to ODF Plus
Profound Impact of SBM
Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions
Monitoring and Evaluating
Items for box
Intervention Areas (across various ministries)
Outputs and outcomes
Outcomes were assessed under four activities:
Post Jal Shakti Abhiyan – Way Forward
It is essential to consolidate the gains of the campaign by undertaking the following activities:
Strategy to meet the demand
Village Action Plans (VAPs)
Water transfer through canals
History of Sanitation Programme in India before SBM
Water and Health
India's achievement in drinking water
Convergence: Health and Water
Gender roles: Ownership and management
Thus, women across the country need to be engaged in rural drinking water supply schemes consciously for long-term water security in villages.
Jal Jeevan Mission in Goa
Plans for the future
The Government of Goa has an ambitious plan to be more proactive in these maintenance parameters and act as a model for other utilities in India and abroad
JJM And Technology
Advantages of Using Technology
Initiatives for creating an ecosystem
Scope and advantages
As Indian economy grows in years to come it requires creative solutions to address its energy and transportation requirements. Inland waterways offer such a roadmap and we should fully utilize its potential.
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