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Government's Initiatives towards Sanitation

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  • Published
    2nd Jan, 2020
  • The first building block of having a 'New India' by 2022 is the pledge towards a 'Clean India' which will be achieved with the help of three major schemes.
  • The first major initiative towards sanitation was the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) with an aim to accelerate sanitation coverage to achieve an Open Defecation Free (ODF) and Clean India by 2 October 2019.
  • When the mission was launched, there were only 38.7% of the total household in the country which had toilets. India had the largest population in the world with open defecation.
  • Under Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin), 16 cr toilets have been built till now and 5.5 lakh villages have been made Open Defecation Free.  This is a whopping jump of 61.1% from 2014 to 2019 with respect to toilet and latrine coverage in India.
  • 5 lakh community toilets were also constructed and 100% door to door solid municipal waste collection was also ensured.
  • A new Ministry of Jal Shakti was created in May 2019 by reorganizing the existing ministries and departments. Government launched Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) to bring piped-water supply to all households (Har Ghar Jal) by 2024.
  • Like the SBM, the JJM mission target is quite ambitious and challenging given the fact that of the 18 crore rural households, only 3 crore rural households have piped drinking water.
  • The JJM will further boost the sanitation economy and generate new employment in the country.
  • Government's initiative to curb single-use plastics from 2 October, 2019 will help in significant reduction in littering as about 14 million tonnes of plastic are used annually in the country.
  • This will not only scale up the ongoing sanitation movement significantly but will also help in combating land and water pollution and improving health of our citizens.


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