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RESURGENT INDIA: Initiatives to achieve above objectives:

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  • Published
    7th Nov, 2019
  • The last 4 years have seen a considerable stepping up of financial resources for improving the well-being of poor households.
  • Annual expenditure in 2017-18 is more than double of what it was in 2012- 13.
  • Also, the other additional sources of funds for poverty alleviation should be kept in mind. These include Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G), increased amount of fund transfer as mandated by 14th Finance Commission, leveraging of Bank Loans by Women SHGs 
  • Besides the specific resource provision for Rural Poverty Programmes, the thrust on, the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), increase in the allocation of Ministry of Agriculture and other Infrastructure and Livelihood Programmes for the poor total transfer of financial resources to Rural India has been very significant.
  • The Department of Rural Development has focused on Development and Diversification of Livelihoods of the poor households during this period.
  • The Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011 released in July 2015 provided an Evidence Based Criteria for Selection of Beneficiaries under various Government Programmes.
  • The application of deprivation criteria of SECC to the Provision for LPG Gas connection under Ujjwala, free households electricity connection under Saubhgya have ensured that the benefits of development reach the most deprived on a priority. 
  • The use of SECC in finalization of labour budgets to states under MGNREGS and insistence in enrolment of all women from households with deprivation under SHGs of Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) has also ensured that poor regions with larger number of poor households receive priority in Programmes of Rural Poverty.
  • The livelihood linkages in convergence with subsidy programmes for animal resources and for agriculture contribute to improved incomes in the agriculture and Allied Sectors.
  • 143 lakh hectares of land provided benefit of water conservation works. 33 lakh women farmers supported under non-chemical based agro ecological interventions.  86000 Producer Groups and 126 Agri Produce companies established
  • Over 6000 barefoot technicians trained and certified.  National institute of public finance and policy (NIPFP) was requested to assess the impact of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) on income and Employment.
  • The report estimated that the scheme could have generated about 52.47 crore person-days.
  • For Rural Infrastructure, the PMGSY has been a flagship Programme and during the last 4 years 69 lakh kms of roads were constructed.
  • The person-days generated under MGNREGS in the last 3 years has been in the range of 235 crore every year.
  • This is higher than most years before, indicating how the thrust on durable assets and Individual Beneficiary Schemes has generated a steady demand for MGNREGS.
  • Studies of Water Conservation works under MGNREGA by the institute of economic growth confirmed increase in income, productivity, acreage, and the water table.
  • Similarly, Studies of Water Conservation works under MGNREGA by the Institute of Economic Growth confirmed increase in income, productivity, acreage, and the water table.
  • The expansion of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) with a provision of rice at Rs. 3 per kg and wheat at Rs. 2 per kg has facilitated food security in poor households.
  • The increase in the consumer Price Index for agricultural Labour has been modest on account of the low food price inflation during this period as food items comprise the largest chunk of the basket of goods and services for calculating the consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labour.
  • Evaluation studies by the Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) have also confirmed increase in incomes, productive assets and enterprises in villages where Women Self-Help Groups are active under DAY-NRLM.

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