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A Rare Dragonfly spotted in Kerala

  • Published
    21st Jun, 2022

A species of Spiny Horntail- Dragonfly is seen in Kottiyoor forests of Kannur district of Kerala.

  • This species is endemic to Western Ghats, earlier found in Maharashtra this year.
  • In India, they are found in three types of species in genes Burmagomphus.
  • cauvericus – restricted to certain areas of western ghats
  • pyramidalis- Western Ghats as well as in Peninsular India.
  • laidlawi- Found in whole of Western ghats
  • Other than these species all species of the genus are found in the Western and Eastern Himalayas.
  • The new species is separated from its congeners by the markings on the lateral thorax and peculiar shape of anal appendages.


  • Dragonflies are predatory insects from the order Odonata (an order of flying insects that includes the dragonflies and damselflies) and characterized by;
    • large eyes
    • transparent wings
    • Most colourful patches in body

Dragonflies are day flying species and have some common features like butterflies.

Other major species in India

  • Ditch jewel dragonfly
  • Diplacodes trivialis (ground skimmer)- Most abundant species.
  • Red Groundling
  • Potamarcha congener- Common chaser
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