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4th March 2024 (14 Topics)

Ariyalur’s Ramsar wetland Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary


Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary in Ariyalur district, which was recently recognised as a Ramsar site hosts over 20,000 feathered visitors from all over the world.


  • Covering 453.7 hectares, Karaivetti is home to over 500 species of flora and fauna.
  • Its geographical location on the Central Asian Flyway makes it an important breeding and foraging ground for birds.
  • It is surrounded by paddy fields and so far has been free from the human wildlife conflict. More than 20,000 migratory birds visits the wetland regularly.
  • The heronry of Karavetti Birds Sanctuary has more than 10,000 individuals of colonial nesting water birds.
  • Near-threatened bird species like Spot-billed Pelican, Black-headed Ibis and Oriental Darter nest in the trees of the wetland.
  • The Indian Flap-shelled Turtle can be found nesting in the swampy regions here.
  • The sanctuary, one of the largest inland wetlands of Tamil Nadu, was recently declared a Ramsar site, along with the Longwood Shola reserve forest in The Nilgiris.

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