China’s “artificial sun” fusion reactor sets a new record

  • Published
    9th Jun, 2021

GS-III: Science and Technology

  • Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.
Context

Recently China’s “artificial sun” set a new record after it ran at 120 million degrees Celsius for 101 seconds. The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) device designed by China replicates the nuclear fusion process carried out by the sun.

Prelims question:

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor?

  1. Ultimate goal of the EAST project is to create nuclear fusion like the Sun, using deuterium abound in the sea.
  2. China is the only country that has achieved high plasma temperatures in a nuclear reactor which are more than the Sun’s core.
  3. Nuclear Fission is the splitting of a heavy, unstable nucleus into two lighter nuclei.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

“Nuclear Fusion should become a practical power source. It would provide an inexhaustible supply of energy, without pollution or global warming.” Discuss -(150 words)

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