- El Niño results in deficit rainfall which tends to lower summer crop production such as rice, sugarcane, cotton and oilseeds, therefore, the outcome might be seen in form of high inflation rates and lower GDP due to the high contribution of the agriculture sector in the Indian economy.
- El Niño events are mostly associated with warm and dry conditions in southern and eastern inland areas of Australia, as well as Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia and central Pacific islands such as Fiji, Tonga and Papua New Guinea.
- Previously El Niño had a strong association with droughts in India but this relationship has been weekend in recent years.
- El Niño conditions mostly coincide with a period of weak monsoon and rising temperatures in India and thus the probability of drought occurrence surges during El Nino events that could be disturbing for Indian crop production and water supply.
- La Nina could have negative impacts on Indian agriculture. Farmers will be at risk of losing their standing Kharif crops if it rains during this period.
- The harvesting of the kharif crops begins in September-end or early October.
- La Niñas normally raises crop prices and create more fluctuations in energy markets, especially with the record-breaking prices
- Spring freezes are more common during La Niña, especially in the Great Lakes region, thanks in large part to cooler Great Lakes temperatures and fluctuating jet stream patterns
- During winter, the corn belt will have some very strong, severe storms
- In general, more rainfall can be expected.
- Ocean temperatures of 4? to 6? F below average are observed in the eastern Pacific Ocean
- Cold water in the eastern Pacific shifts the location of thunderstorms, rising air, and lower pressure to the western Pacific
- Cold water from the deep ocean provides increased nutrients for fish and plankton, leading to improved fishing and to sustenance for birds and other predators in the eastern Pacific Ocean.