What's New :
UPSC Interview Guidance Program. Register here...

Current account deficit, looming global food shortage

  • Published
    19th Oct, 2022


  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the increase in MSP for all mandated Rabi crops for the marketing season 2023-24.
  • The highest increase, of Rs 500 per quintal, was provided for lentils (Masur), followed by a Rs 400 per quintal increase for rapeseed and mustard.

Why have the MSP prices been increased?

  • India’s import dependence is primarily on two crops:
  • Lentils (Pulses)
  • Oilseeds (Edible Oils)
  • India's Current Account Deficit is ballooning and that is hurting our currency.
  • The decision to hike the MSP, especially for lentils and oilseeds such as rapeseed and mustard, is an attempt by the government to encourage domestic production and thereby reduce their imports.

India’s Current Account Deficit (CAD):

  • India’s CAD, the quantum by which imports exceed exports grew to $23.9 billion in the April-June 2022 quarter.
  • It is the highest in at least three years.
  • Some estimates project the CAD to grow even further to $40 billion in the July-September 2022 quarter.

The incentive to increase production: MSP

  • Incentivize Farmers: To avoid any impact of the pandemic and the Ukraine crisis on the Indian economy, the government is inclined to incentivize to maintain or increase production in the selected crops.
  • Minimum income to farmers: The MSP serves the purpose of not only providing a minimum income to the farmers but also helping the government procure these crops for its own reserves.
  • By doing so, the government is looking at providing farmers with remunerative rates in relation to the cost of production.

Cropping Seasons in India:

S. No               

Cropping Season               

Time Period      





Sown: October-December

Harvested: April-June

Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard, etc.    

Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh



Sown: June-July

Harvested: September-October

Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean, etc.    

Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharashtra



Sown and harvested: March-July

(between Rabi and Kharif)

Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops, etc.               

Most of the northern and northwestern states


GS Mains Classes GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Our Centers

DELHI (Karol Bagh)

GS SCORE, 1B, Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. 8)

Get directions on Google Maps

BHUBANESWAR (Jaydev Vihar)

GS SCORE, Plot No.2298, Jaydev Vihar Square, Near HCG Day Care, BBSR - 751013

Get directions on Google Maps

LUCKNOW (Aliganj)

GS SCORE, 2nd Floor, B-33, Sangam Chauraha, Sector H, Aliganj, Lucknow, UP - 226024

Get directions on Google Maps

Enquire Now