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10th September 2022 (6 Topics)

10th September 2022

QUIZ - 10th September 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Q1. “The demand for construction-grade sand is growing at a tremendous rate. However, the practice of extracting the sand from the riverbed impacts the environment”. In the light of this statement, discuss the cascading nature of the effects of river sand mining and the urgency of the problem. (150 words)

Approach 

  • Introduction- brief about increasing ‘unscientific and unsustainable’ mining of riverbeds
  • Mention important states (Uttarakhand, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh)
  • Impact: Threatened ecosystem
    • River ecosystem (flow, water level, soil erosion)
    • aquatic eco-system
    • precious surface and groundwater resources
    • local lives
  • Challenges 
    • Monetary benefits and heavy reliance on resources promotes minings
    • illegal sand mining mafia 
    • Corruption
    • Lack of awareness
  • Required measures 
    • Changes in laws, technologies and attitudes
    • Effective monitoring and enforcement of environmental standards
  • Conclude accordingly 

Editorials

Context:

Ni-kshay portal is an initiative by the government of India to realize the potential of the masses in eliminating TB by 2025, thereby giving a push to “Pradhan Mantri TB-Mukt Bharat Abhiyan” by people’s participation.

Data on Prevalence of TB:

  • According to National TB, Prevalence Survey Report India experienced a 19% increase in 2021 from the previous year in TB patients. Every year some 0.20-0.25 billion TB incidences and 0.04 billion deaths are recorded in India.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has undone several efforts made to eradicate the disease.
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