The U.K and Japan signed a defence pact, which will permit the deployment of troops in each other’s countries and increase security cooperation.
About the Reciprocal Access Agreement:
Other recent developments:
India’s Reciprocal Exchange of Troops Agreements:
Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA):
Addressing the 83rd All India Presiding Officers Conference in Jaipur, the Vice-President Jagdeep Dhankar has mentioned that Parliamentary sovereignty cannot be permitted to be diluted or compromised by the Executive or the Judiciary and public posturing or ‘one-upmanship’ that is being frequently witnessed in this matter is not wholesome.
About the Parliamentary sovereignty:
Evolution of Parliamentary Sovereignty and Judicial Supremacy - India's Context:
As a mixed political system, India has backed a completely unique politico-constitutional arrangement known as parliamentary federalism, which has no precedent in the history of constitution development.
Checks to parliamentary sovereignty by various provisions of the constitution:
The Indian Perspective:
Provisions of Indian Constitution Supporting Supremacy of Constitution:
The Union Cabinet approved an outlay of ?2,600 crore to promote payments using RuPay cards and the Unified Payments Interface (UPI).
About the initiative:
The National Payments Corporation of India was recently introduced to reduce the load on banking networks for small transactions, and to allow payments over older feature phones, respectively.
What is digital payment system?
Different digital payment modes in India:
As per the decision taken by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) headed by Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet has approved the formation of three new cooperative societies to focus on seed availability to farmers, organic farming and exports, benefiting farmers.
What are Multi-state Cooperative societies?
The Cooperative societies Act, 1950:
Related Constitutional Provisions:
Ministry of Cooperation:
Advantages of a cooperative society:
Disadvantages of a Cooperative Society:
Joshimath, the ancient Uttarakhand town has become a cause of concern. Though the town of Joshimath has been witnessing cracks emerging for the past two decades, things have escalated over the past few days.
Journey of Joshimath Town’s development:
Reasons for Vulnerability of region:
Main Central Thrust (MCT) line:
The M.C. Mishra committee’s report of 1976 warned against heavy and unscientific construction in the town mentioning that, “Joshimath is a deposit of sand and stone, hence was not a suitable place for the coming up of a township. Vibrations produced by blasting and heavy traffic will also lead disequilibrium in natural factors.”
Contributing factors for disasters in the region:
The Himalayan ecosystem:
Recent disasters in the region:
Three multi-State societies to procure and distribute seeds
The Union Cabinet has approved the setting up of three national-level multi-State cooperative societies to act as an apex body for procurement, processing, marketing and distribution of seeds.
Need to prosper Agriculture and farmers:
Godavari estuary in Andhra Pradesh has become prime habitat for Indian Skimmer
As per the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), the Godavari estuary in Andhra Pradesh has become a prime and safe habitat for the Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis).
About Indian Skimmers:
The Godavari Estuary:
Rare White Tufted Royal Butterfly found in Kannur
A team of butterfly observers and researchers have found White Tufted Royal Butterfly, a rare butterfly species at Kalliyad in Kannur.
About the species:
The State government’s approach:
The State government had to adopt a three-pronged approach to tackle logistical issues.
State’s Hockey Links:
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