A Four-day visit to South Korea and Japan by the head of NATO highlights the alliance’s strategic priority to push back against China and North Korea while addressing the global impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine.
Europe and Asia connections:
Threats in South Asia:
Role of NATO:
Objectives of NATO:
Perspective on Extending NATO’s Membership to India:
The budgetary allocation for education as a percentage of total expenditure has dropped over the past seven years, from 10.4% to 9.5%, according to the Economic Survey 2022-23.
Estimates of the survey:
Key highlights of Education sector:
Constitutional provisions regarding ‘education’
Till 1976, education was sole responsibility of state but constitutional amendment made it ‘concurrent subject’.
Challenges in the Education sector
The Jharkhand Governor has returned the domicile Bill, which defines a ‘local’ in the state on the basis of 1932 land records to the state government to “seriously review” its legality.
Governor’s argument against the Bill:
State government’s argument:
The Ninth Schedule of the Constitution contains a list of central and state laws that cannot be challenged in court.
However, courts in the past have said that law can be reviewed if they violate fundamental rights or the basic structure of the Constitution.
The government tabled the Economic Survey 2022-23 which laid out the outlook for India’s growth, inflation and unemployment in the coming years.
What is the Economic Survey?
The comments or policy solutions contained in the Survey are not binding on the government.
Key takeaways of the survey:
The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), showed that the urban unemployment rate for people aged 15 years and above declined from 9.8% in the quarter ending September 2021 to 7.2% one year later.
What does it mean to India?
Projects such as the Tehri dam play a role in exacerbating the effects of disasters, as seen during the 2021 Chamoli flash floods, especially in the Himalayan ecosystem.
Formation of Himalayas:
Human habitation spread in this mountainous terrain and over centuries, tiny villages and small towns settled in the plateaus, leaving the forest cover intact.
These communities managed forest resources with care.
The development projects and disasters:
Polity and Governance
Hubballi-Ankola railway project
The standing committee of the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) has directed the Union environment ministry to organise a workshop to discuss the Hubballi-Ankola railway line project proposal in Karnataka.
Suggestion of the Committee:
Art and Culture
Maru Mahotsav 2023
Maru Mahotsav or the Jaisalmer Desert Festival celebrated in Rajasthan during the month of February every year.
About the event:
52 Avian species observed in Ladakh
Fifty-two avian species were observed in the 'Asian Waterbird Census-2023' conducted in the Union Territory of Ladakh.
The waterbird census:
Behind the attack:
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