What's New :
ITS 2025: Integrated Test Series & Mentorship Program for Prelims and Mains. Get Details
1st October 2022 (7 Topics)

1st October 2022

QUIZ - 1st October 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Discuss the effectiveness of Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves in forest and wildlife conservation in India.  (150 words)

  • Subject: Environment (GS III)
    • Sub-topic:  Environment Conservation


  • Introduction-briefly define Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves 
    • protected area systems which integrate local communities as well as private organizations into protected area management
  • Significance of such systems 
    • safeguards forest catchment areas
    • ecological monitoring and data collection 
    • community participation 
  • Discuss challenges associated with the system
  • Wrap your answer with suggestive measure



The draft Indian Telecommunication Bill, 2022 (Telecom Bill) is out for public consultation. In its present form, its provisions appear to be stuck in the past.

A Repackaging:

  • Missed Opportunities: The draft of the Bill represents multiple missed opportunities for significant legislative reform in terms of democratization of telecommunication services.
  • New licensing regime: The Telecom Bill has stricter regulations and moves towards centralization of power by introducing licenses for telecommunication services.

Threat to innovation, privacy protection

  • Same service, Same rules: Treating OTT services as a ‘substitute’ for Telecom services must not be treated the same because both have different functionalities. It will only increase compliance and legal costs leaving a negative impact on innovation.
  • Privacy Concerns: By exercising its exclusive privilege to issue a license, the central government may ask the online service providers to store data locally. This discretion to the government may adversely affect the privacy of individuals.
  • Blow to end-to-end encryption (E2EE): By expanding the definition of telecommunication services, coupled with interception provisions is signalling a blow to end-to-end encryption (E2EE) in India.
You must be logged in to get greater insights.

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now