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22nd June 2022 (6 Topics)

22nd June 2022

QUIZ - 22nd June 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Q1. Even after decades of independence, India’s tribal communities strives for basic rights and entitlements. Critically examine the statement and give your views to important the situation. (150 words)


  • Introduction- tribals in India (how things changed for them after independence)
  • Challenges/Issues faced by them
    • lost their traditional occupations, agricultural land and houses
    • lack of employment
    • distress migration and eviction
    • environmental disasters due to overexploitation and misuse
    • Corruption
    • Poor implementation of pro-poor acts and schemes designed to empower them
  • Important government measures (PESA, The Schedule Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act (FRA), MGNREGA)
  • Required policy measures 
    • Pragmatic and collective efforts 
    • better access to forest produce (MFP)
    • strict implementation of MSP for the tribal communities
    • Education
    • empowerment to build a sustainable livelihood structure
  • Conclude accordingly



The recent argument lashed in Maharashtra, The minister Eknath Shinde leader of the revolt against Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray is trying to defect from the party.

  • Reports said that the rebel group includes 33 MLAs of the 55-member Shiv Sena legislature party, and seven Independents supporting the state government.


  • The Anti-defection law of the Indian Constitution is designed to prevent political defections prompted by the lure of office or material benefits or other like considerations.
  • The Anti-defection law was passed by Parliament in 1985 and reinforced in 2002.
  • The anti-defection law was enacted to ensure that a party member does not violate the mandate of the party and in case he does so, he will lose his membership of the House.
  • The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies.
  • The Anti-Defection Law aims to prevent MPs from switching political parties for any personal motive.

Constitutional Provisions related to Anti-defection

  • The 52nd amendment (1985) to the Constitution added the Tenth Schedule which laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection.
  • Grounds of defection:
    • A state or central legislature was deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily resigned from his party or disobeyed the directives of the party.
    • Independent members would be disqualified if they joined a political party.
    • Nominated members who were not members of a party could choose to join a party prior to six months of the date of nomination.
  • Exception:
    • Any person elected as speaker or chairman could resign from his party, and rejoin the party if he demitted that post.
    • A party could be merged into another if at least two-thirds of its party legislators voted for the merger (Initially it was one third 91stamendment act made it two third).
    • The law initially permitted splitting of parties, but that has now been outlaw
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