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7th September 2022 (6 Topics)

7th September 2022

QUIZ - 7th September 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Question.  “The quality of nutrition service delivery remains a key challenge in India”. In the light of this statement, discuss the need to enhance the quality of nutrition services and strengthening of the community’s role in delivering such services. (150 words)

Approach

  • Introduction- brief about nutrition service delivery in India & impact
    • adversely affecting nutrition outcomes for women and children
  • List down persistent challenges 
    • Undernutrition, poverty
    • quality of nutrition service delivery 
    • Lack of awareness
  • Government’s policy and programmatic efforts
    • Poshan Abhiyaan
    • National Health Mission
    • Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)
    • labour room quality improvement initiative (LaQshya)
    • MusQan (for quality assurance)
    • mothers' absolute affection (MAA) 
  • Required measures 
    • focusing on capacity building
    • improvement of service delivery
    • community mobilisation and participation
    • use of technology and inter-ministerial, interdepartmental convergent planning
    • effective review of progress
  • Conclude accordingly 

Editorials

Context:

  • For a stronger economy, India needs economic reforms beyond liberalisation.

Robust Economic Recovery:

  • Indian economy recovery has been better than that of most countries. The credit in this case goes to the appropriate counter-cyclical policy but it wouldn’t have worked if the reforms might not reach a threshold of adequacy. But we need to have a balance while focussing on the structural reforms and smoothing the economic shocks.

India’s interest and concerns of citizens:

  • International institutions such as the IMF-WB are inclined to ensure advantages of India’s growth, to other countries, which includes their main financiers who are the large capital-exporting countries. IMF-WB mandate requires freer markets and fewer restrictions on all types of capital flows, which also favours India’s interests. But a democracy cannot ignore the concerns of its own citizens as in the past market-opening reforms have harmed many domestic citizens.

Liberalisation has reached a point of diminishing returns:

  • Economic success from the era of liberalisation is past now. The need of the hour is organic reform happens, that when states have healthy competition among themselves. Presently the centre policies must be guided by feasibility and pragmatism and ensure that benefits accrue to a majority.
  • A special focus on the digital aspect is a must because India has a definite comparative advantage over the others. Attention should be given to developing skills and capabilities, improving employability, augmenting infrastructure, and reducing logistics and other business costs through better Centre-state coordination. Instead of wasting political capital on reforms that encounter large resistance and shock the system, reforms should enhance favourable trends.
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