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8th January 2024 (10 Topics)

8th January 2024

QUIZ - 8th January 2024

5 Questions

5 Minutes



Jan Vishwas Bill Version 2.0 shifts in policy strategy from retail to wholesale filtering after next year’s general elections to further reduce corruption and accelerate good job creation.

The Problem: Regulatory Overreach and Corruption

  • Labor Law Complexity: Labor laws, notably the Factories Act, contribute to a maze of over 8,682 imprisonment clauses, burdening employers.
  • Selective Enforcement Breeds Corruption: Vaguely drafted laws enable corruption through selective enforcement, exploited by civil servants and election winners.
  • Impact on Enterprises: Regulatory burden disproportionately affects high-productivity enterprises, promoting informality and hindering wage-focused economic challenges.

Jan Vishwas Bill 1.0: Incremental Reform

  • Innovative Consolidation: The bill innovatively consolidated laws, distinguishing between "good" and "bad" jail provisions to combat corruption.
  • Shortcomings of Retail Approach: A retail approach, relying on voluntary surrendering, defended the status quo, amending only 4% of relevant Central Acts.
  • Strength in Identifying "Bad" Provisions: The bill showcased strength in identifying and eliminating 113 "bad" jail provisions through ministry reflections.

Jan Vishwas Bill 2.0: Strategic Shift

  • New Strategy for Broader Impact: Jan Vishwas 2.0 proposes a shift from retail to wholesale filtering, introducing a diverse government committee to set impactful criteria.
  • Committee's Role in Decriminalization: The committee will evaluate criteria for employer imprisonment, compelling ministries to remove provisions not meeting the set standards.
  • Early Decriminalization Success: Decriminalization initiatives, like those by the Ministry of Company Affairs, have shown positive results, reducing judicial burdens and promoting efficient resolutions.
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While the decline in multidimensional poverty is positive news, addressing the persistently high levels of income poverty over the past five years is imperative.

Macroeconomic Optimism and Government Recognition

  • Positive Indicators: Optimism surrounds India's economic outlook with a projected GDP growth of 7.3%, booming Sensex, and foreign exchange reserves surpassing $620 billion.
  • Government's Effective Coordination: Credit is given to the RBI Governor, Shaktikanta Das, and the Ministry of Finance for their coordinated efforts, acknowledged with the Governor of the Year award.
  • Political Landscape and Confidence: Despite challenges raised by opposition parties, the Modi government, with renewed confidence, steers forward toward the 2024 parliamentary elections, with potential influence from the Ram temple project.

Economic Performance Analysis

  • GDP Growth and Inflation Metrics: Comparing the UPA and Modi governments over a decade, GDP growth averaged 6.8% under UPA, slightly higher than Modi's 5.8%. Inflation was higher under UPA, emphasizing economic variables.
  • Focus on Poverty Reduction: Evaluating poverty reduction efforts, UPA's decline was faster during its second term, while the Modi government showed a puzzling and concerning slowdown in poverty reduction during its second term.
  • Multidimensional Poverty Measures: While income poverty persists, UNDP's MPI and NITI Aayog's national MPI indicate a significant reduction in multidimensional poverty, emphasizing improvements in health, education, and living standards.

Policy Recommendations for Tackling Income Poverty

  • Income Poverty Challenge: Despite advancements in other poverty measures, income poverty remains stubbornly high, with a minimal decline during the Modi-II period, possibly exacerbated by the impact of COVID-19.
  • Need for Employment-Intensive Growth: Addressing income poverty requires a focus on spurring employment-intensive growth, emphasizing skill formation in rural areas and facilitating transitions to higher productivity jobs in urban areas.
  • Holistic Approach: A holistic approach involves skill development in rural areas, encouraging movement from agriculture to urban jobs, and direct income transfers to the most vulnerable, aiming at sustainable poverty reduction.
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    The Structured Negotiation's success is rooted in the mutually beneficial situation it offers, benefiting both service providers facing defaults and the complainants.

    Structured Negotiation as a Dispute Resolution Alternative

    • Definition and Adoption: Structured negotiation, a collaborative dispute resolution method, gains prominence as an alternative to litigation, emphasizing collaboration over confrontation.
    • Success in Disability Rights Cases: Notably effective in settling disability rights cases in the U.S., structured negotiation resolves issues related to accessibility, leading to institutional reforms and driving strategies for accessible products.
    • Win-Win Situation: At the core of its success lies the methodology's ability to create a win-win situation, encouraging defaulting service providers to avoid litigation costs and negative publicity, while providing complainants with barrier-free marketplace participation.

    Success Metrics and Legal Precedents

    • Addressing Inaccessible Services: Structured negotiation succeeds in addressing issues with automated teller machines, point of sale devices, pedestrian signals, and service provider websites, achieving tangible improvements.
    • Corporate Compliance and Legal Advocacy: Defaulting service providers, aiming to sidestep the drawbacks of litigation, find incentive in structured negotiation. Legal precedents form a crucial foundation for successful negotiations.
    • Role in Accessibility Blueprint: Courts creating a blueprint for accessibility and legal compliance pave the way for structured negotiation, enabling businesses to ensure accessibility without resorting to lengthy litigation.

    Application in the Indian Context

    • Reducing Legal Complexities: As Indian civil courts face increasing pendency and red tape, structured negotiation provides an effective alternative, reducing paperwork and legal complexities.
    • Challenges of Disability Legislation: India's Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 faces challenges in enforcement. Structured negotiation offers a practical approach to address accessibility issues efficiently outside the legal process.
    • Business Prioritization and Future Outlook: Structured negotiation's success depends on service providers prioritizing disability issues. Advocating for a widespread adoption, the article emphasizes the business benefits of catering to persons with disabilities.
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