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30th May 2024 (13 Topics)

Expansion of Deep-Vetting for Government Jobs in J&K

Context

The Union government has announced an expansion of the “deep-vetting” process for government job aspirants in Jammu and Kashmir. This new policy aims to ensure that no relatives of militants or stone-pelters get government jobs in the Union Territory. This move is expected to affect over 50,000 families and has been criticized by regional parties for potentially alienating Kashmiri youth.

The Need for New Rules

  • The policy change comes in response to concerns about the security implications of hiring individuals with potential ties to militancy.
  • The traditional process only verified the credentials of the job aspirant.
  • However, the expanded vetting will include background checks on immediate and close relatives on both the maternal and paternal sides to identify any connections to militant activities or stone-pelting incidents.

Details of the New Rules

  • Expanded Background Checks: Security agencies will perform thorough checks on the families of job aspirants, including immediate and close relatives.
  • Target Group: The focus is on ensuring no relatives of militants or stone-pelters are employed in government positions.
  • Past Rehabilitation Policies: This policy overturns previous government efforts to rehabilitate former militants, which included:
    • Monetary Incentives: Cash deposits and monthly stipends were provided to surrendered militants under policies from 1995, 2004, and 2010.
    • Rehabilitation for Exfiltrated Individuals: A policy for Kashmiris who had exfiltrated to Pakistan Occupied Kashmir for arms training allowed them to return and reintegrate.

Impact of the move

  • The Government has a policy of zero tolerance against terrorism. The expanded vetting policy for government jobs in Jammu and Kashmir is a significant shift aimed at enhancing security.
  • However, it has sparked a debate about its potential consequences on the region’s youth and their integration into mainstream society.
  • In Jammu & Kashmir, the increase in terror activities, is a major concern.
Fact Box: Agencies Responsible for Fighting Terrorism in India
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF): This 165,000-strong force assists police in maintaining internal security and is particularly active in regions like Kashmir.
  • Indian Army: Generally involved as a last resort in counterterrorism operations, except in Jammu and Kashmir, where they have a consistent presence.
  • Intelligence Agencies
    • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW): India's external intelligence agency, responsible for gathering and analyzing intelligence on foreign threats.
    • Intelligence Bureau (IB): Operating under the Ministry of Home Affairs, the IB collects domestic intelligence and oversees the interagency counterterrorism center.
    • Joint Intelligence Committee: Analyzes data from RAW, IB, and military intelligence agencies to provide a comprehensive view of terrorist threats.
  • Ministry of Home Affairs: It oversees national police, paramilitary forces, and domestic intelligence gathering.
  • Ministry of External Affairs: Manages diplomatic counterterrorism efforts, including briefing other nations on issues such as suspected terrorism sponsorship by Pakistan.
PYQ

Q: Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (2021)

Q: For effective border area management, discuss the steps required to be taken to deny local support to militants and also suggest ways to manage favourable perception among locals. (2020)

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