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Historic Peace Pact: ULFA, Centre, and Assam Sign Tripartite Agreement

  • Published
    30th Dec, 2023

A momentous development unfolded as the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government, and the pro-talks faction of the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) signed a historic memorandum of settlement.

The accord, termed significant for Assam's peace, marks a crucial step towards resolving the longstanding issue of insurgency in the region.

  • The ULFA, born during the anti-foreigners movement in 1979, sought a sovereign state for Assamese people.
  • The signing of this peace pact follows years of negotiations, with the ULFA's pro-talks faction engaging in discussions since 2011.

Key Details:

  • The ULFA has agreed to surrender arms, vacate camps, and embrace the democratic process. Assam Chief Minister highlighted the accord's key points, including the reservation of 97 out of 126 Assembly seats for indigenous people and a ?1.5 lakh crore investment pledge.


  • The accord aims to bring lasting peace and development to Assam, addressing the consequences of decades of violence.
  • With 97 Assembly seats reserved for indigenous people and substantial investments promised, the agreement seeks to fulfill the aspirations of the people.
  • The ULFA's commitment to disbanding and joining the mainstream signifies a significant shift towards stability.


  • The accord acknowledges the complexity of issues, including political insecurity and the interplay of socio-economic factors.
  • The commitment to regional development, constitutional safeguards, and addressing the concerns of indigenous populations reflects a holistic approach to peace-building.
  • The tripartite agreement between the ULFA, Centre, and Assam holds promise for sustainable peace.
  • The government's commitment to fulfilling the accord's provisions and the ongoing efforts to bridge the gap between Delhi and the North-East demonstrate a dedicated pursuit of a violence-free and developed Assam.
  • The signing of this historic pact is not just a resolution to insurgency but a step towards comprehensive development and lasting harmony.
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