What's New :
ITS 2025: Integrated Test Series & Mentorship Program for Prelims and Mains. Get Details
11th February 2022 (7 Topics)

How to expand India’s forest cover

Context

Recently Forest Survey of India (FSI) published India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2021.

About

About India State of Forest Report (ISFR):

  • India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is a biennial survey of India’s forests and tree resources.
  • The First India State of Forest Report was published in 1987.
  • The India State of Forest Report is prepared by the Forest Survey of India (FSI), which has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country.
  • India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2021 is the 17th ISFR published by the Forest Survey of India (FSI).

Major Findings of ISFR 2021:

  • Increase in total Forest and Tree Cover: As compared to the assessment of 2019 (ISFR-2019), there is an increase of 2,261 sq km in the total forest and tree cover of the country.
  • Out of this, the increase in the forest cover has been observed as 1,540 sq km and that in tree cover is 721 sq km.
  • The total forest cover of the country is 21.71% of the geographical area; the tree cover is estimated at 2.91% of the geographical area. Thus, the total forest and tree cover comes to 24.62% of the geographical area of the country.
  • Increase in forest cover (Top States): Increase in forest cover has been observed in the open forest followed by very dense forests. As per ISFR-2021, the top three states showing an increase in forest cover are:
  • Andhra Pradesh (647 sq km)
  • Telangana (632 sq km)
  • Odisha (537 sq km)
  • Area-wise Forest Cover: ISFR 2021 reports that area-wise Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover in the country followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra.
  • Percentage-wise Forest Cover: In terms of forest cover as a percentage of total geographical area, the top five States are:
  • Mizoram (84.53%),
  • Arunachal Pradesh (79.33%),
  • Meghalaya (76.00%),
  • Manipur (74.34%) and
  • Nagaland (73.90%).
  • Loss of forest cover: The northeast reported the biggest overall loss of forest cover at 1,020 sq km. Though the area has 23.75% of total forest cover, states have lost their cover:
  • Mizoram (1.03%)
  • Arunachal Pradesh (0.39%)
  • Manipur (1.48 %)
  • Meghalaya (0.43%)
  • Nagaland (1.88%)

This decline caused by natural calamities, shifting agriculture and deforestation will affect the region’s water resources and will have an increased effect on landslides.

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now