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28th November 2022 (8 Topics)

India invites Bangladesh as a guest country during its G-20 presidency


Out of all of India’s neighbors, the Indian government has invited only Bangladesh as one of the 10 guest countries during its Presidency of the G20.


About the news:

  • The Invitation shows the growing importance of Bangladesh as one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
  • Bangladesh is going to share its experience with other member states on climate change.
  • On Import of Russian Crude: Russian crude is not suitable for Bangladesh refineries. So, they are going to discuss importing refined products and Russian LNG.

India’s Relation with Bangladesh:

About Bangladesh Economy:

  • Bangladesh is the 41st largest economy.
  • It is going to be the 32nd largest by 2030.
  • Bangladesh to grow 6.9% in 2022-23: World Bank
  • UN approved Bangladesh to graduate from Least Developed Country (LDC) status by 2026.
  • Economic Ties: Bangladesh is the 6th largest trade partner of India.
  • India has provided duty-free quota-free access to Bangladesh on all tariff lines except tobacco and alcohol under the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) since 2011.
  • Sharing of River Waters: Both nations share 54 common rivers. 1996, the Ganga Waters Treaty was signed.
    • Most recently, the Kushiyara Pact was signed.
  • Connectivity: India and Bangladesh share 4096.7 Km. of the border, which touches Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
  • The Bandhan Express was the second train to be flagged off after the introduction of the Maitree Express between Kolkata and Dhaka Cantonment in April 2008.

International Forums where India and Bangladesh are Common Members

  • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
  • Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)
  • Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IORA)
  • Power and Energy Sector Cooperation: Energy sector cooperation between India and Bangladesh has also seen considerable progress in the last few years.
  • High-speed diesel (HSD) pipeline: The Indo-Bangladesh friendship pipeline carrying High-Speed Diesel from the Numaligarh refinery in India to Bangladesh is expected to be completed soon.
  • Rooppur nuclear power: India is funding the project under a LOC (Line of Credit) for the distribution, of the transmission lines, alongside Bangladesh’s funding.
  • Godda Power Project in Jharkhand state will provide a dedicated transmission line for the exports
  • Tourism: Bangladesh accounted for the largest share of foreign tourist arrivals in India in 2020, including tens of thousands of people who come to the country for medical treatment.
  • Defense and Security: The militaries of the two countries will conduct joint exercises and training, Exercise Sampriti and Navy (Exercise Milan)

Significance of Bangladesh for India


Major Issues Between India and Bangladesh:


Strategic location

Connectivity to East Asia

Countering China

Trade- Bangladesh is currently India’s biggest trade partner in the South Asian region.

  • Teesta River Water Dispute
  • illegal Migration
  • Drug Smuggling & Trafficking
  • Terrorism, rising radicalization
  • Rohingya Issus
  • Increasing Chinese footprint


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