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10th January 2024 (11 Topics)

Is India refusing to lead active non-alignment?


Modern-day India dismisses the ANA's promising paradigm with a characteristic aloofness of purpose, both in terminology and outlook.

India's Role in the Emergence of ANA

  • Initiation of ANA by India: India, led by NarendraModi, played a pivotal role in the initiation of Active Non-Alignment (ANA) during the Russo-Ukrainian war, refusing to condemn Russia and engaging in oil trade despite Western sanctions.
  • ANA's Global Significance: ANA gained momentum globally as nations, especially in Latin America, distanced themselves from the Western Axis. The rejection of Western offers by Latin American countries and their alignment with China marked a shift.
  • India's Unique Stand: While embracing ANA principles, India prefers the term "multi-alignment." Foreign Minister’s concept of seeking "strategic convergence" reflects India's nuanced approach, potentially missing an opportunity to lead the ANA paradigm.

Challenges and Implications of ANA

  • Anti-Western Axis Stance: ANA, seemingly anti-Western Axis, challenges the existing global order. The rejection of Washington's offer by Latin American nations and their move towards China demonstrates the paradigm's impact.
  • China's Role in ANA: ANA aligns with China's interests, with nations joining its New Silk Road. China's pragmatic approach, devoid of ideological imposition, contrasts with Western strategies, making ANA appealing to diverse nations.
  • India's Aloofness and Missed Leadership:India's aloofness towards ANA, preferring "multi-alignment," reflects a missed leadership opportunity.

Implications for International Relations

  • ANA's Impact on International Dynamics: ANA's emergence reshapes international dynamics, challenging traditional alignments. The rejection of hegemonic pressures and pursuit of national interests redefine global power equations and diplomatic norms.
  • China's Soft Power in ANA: China's soft-power approach aligns with ANA, fostering partnerships without ideological imposition. This pragmatic stance enhances China's influence, providing an alternative model for global cooperation.
  • India's Evolving Role: India's evolving role, oscillating between ANA and multi-alignment, shapes its influence on the global stage. The decision to lead or follow ANA principles will determine India's position in the changing world order.
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