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Geopolitics of outer space

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    14th Oct, 2021


It is in the interest of India’s new strategies in outer space and also about the urgency of drafting new rules for the road to peace and stability in the atmosphere.

Space Geo-strategy

  • The US traditionally held a foreign position in the commercial sector. Its military rivalry with Russia set a precedent in the security sector.
  • The emergence of China as a major space force - both socially and militarily - reshapes astro politics.
  • Significant expansion of China's spatial capabilities and China's desire for foreign domination has provided a new urgency for democratic powers to come together to protect their national interests and promote sustainable order in the upper atmosphere.

 Importance for India

  • Space has emerged as the fourth possible arm of the country's defense.
  • With the US, Russia and China already seeking to become a Space Force, India will need to be properly equipped to deal with emerging security challenges.
  • Space power has the power to use space while denying reliable use to any enemy.
  • India already has a significant ability to use space. But it is the ability to deny the use of space to the opponent, understandably, is a small thing.
  • Speaking of satellites, India has active satellite military satellites, compared to more than 40 civilians. Our first military satellite was launched in 2013 only.
  • However, India has made some progress in the pursuit of space power.
  • The newly commissioned Mission Shakti demonstrated India's ability to identify enemy satellites.
  • The newly formed DSA (space defense agency) will be supported by the Defense Space Research Organization (DSRO) with the mandate to develop weapons to "degrade, disrupt, destroy or defraud an opponent's space".

Issues associated with Outdoor Space Geopolitics

  • Space naming: The war and the equipping of space are in stark contrast to the constructive commercial and scientific projects. Space warfare will undermine the internal trust and cooperation needed to maintain systems deployed in space for the purpose of peace.
  • Despite these realities, military development and space warfare projects in the air have been on the rise for the purpose of one country.
  • Atmospheric Disposal: Satellite-destroyed satellites disperse into smaller pieces, then add to space debris. Freeway floating debris is a potential hazard to active satellites and collisions with them can leave satellites inactive.
  • As countries introduce more and more satellites, each of which is a strategic or commercial asset, avoiding collisions could be a challenge in the future.
  • Demand for Space Mines: This demand for space mines will create a new era of conflict and cooperation and lead to a new space race.
  • According to the US Chamber of Commerce, the trade space industry is estimated to be USD 1.5 trillion by 2040.
  • Moon Rush: After the discovery of the water on the moon and the "Peaks of Eternal Light", the moon is moving faster towards the southern moon, it is a new phenomenon. For example: China’s Chang’e 4 has softened down the Von Karman crater on the dark side of the southern polar region.
  • The American lunar system now aims to bring man back to the moon for the next ten years.
  • NASA's focus is on the southern poles and, if successful, will be the first personnel to reach the South Pole.
  • Jeff Bezos (owner of Amazon) has launched a Blue Moon project that seeks to house men and women on the moon over the next few years.
  • Atmospheric Awareness (SSA) involves monitoring the movement of all objects - natural (meteorites) and man-made satellites - and tracking the weather.
  • Today, space is important in our lives and disruptions to space-based communications and world views will have negative consequences.
  • Spatial Awareness (SSA)
  • There are tens of thousands of objects in Earth orbit that could be harmful to satellites and presentations. Spatial Awareness (SSA) refers to keeping track of things in their path and predicting where they will be at any given time.

Possibility of India's Outer Space Destiny

  • India, which has developed significant spatial skills for decades, is a highly invested group. The US realizes it can no longer unilaterally define space order and seeks partners.
  • The India-US joint statement issued in Washington highlighted the graduation plans, "A Space Memorandum of Understanding that will assist in the sharing of information and services in ensuring the long-term sustainability of space operations by the end of the year".
  • International cooperation on climate awareness is similar to maritime awareness agreements - which allow for the distribution of information across maritime metrics.
  • The new space mission team set up by Quad will identify new opportunities for collaboration and share satellite information for peaceful purposes such as monitoring climate change, disaster preparedness and preparedness, sustainable use of seas and marine resources, and addressing shared domain challenges.
  • Quad leaders also promised to "consult on the rules, procedures, guidelines and guidelines for ensuring the sustainable use of space."

Way Forward

Public-Private Partnerships: India needs to structurally regulate the regulatory, commercial and scientific aspects of the space program.

  • Funding for Space Research and development should be expanded and independent research institutes should be encouraged to work together.
  • There is a need to establish an independent regulator to control ISRO and new border operators in the same field.

Need for a Strong Regulatory Framework: Delhi must also enact a strong regulatory framework to promote India's local work and protect its international interests.

  • India should take into account the challenges that arise in the current space order, review some of its past political ideas about the external environment and participate in the development of new global systems that will strengthen the context of the Space Agreement.

In order to effectively protect our spacecraft, India must have a reliable and accurate track record of celestial objects, from debris and spacecraft to celestial bodies.

  • As precise tracking forms the basis for almost all unimaginable objects in space, therefore, this most important skill must be developed traditionally.

For space defense to be effective, India must acquire minimum, reliable capabilities for a wide range of space, physical, technological and cyber weapons.


The scale of the challenges and opportunities in the outer space, however, requires urgent and very sweeping changes. That can only be justified by the highest political level. Back in 2015, the speech of the Prime Minister in the Indian Ocean focused on national attention in maritime affairs. India can do the same with space interventions today.


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