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India - Nepal

  • Category
    India & world
  • Published
    28th Jan, 2020

Recently, Nepal’s Prime Minister and PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the second Integrated Check Post (ICP) on the India-Nepal border. On this occasion, the Nepali PM, Mr. Oli called for a resolution of what he termed as ‘pending issues’ with India.

Issue

Context

Recently, Nepal’s Prime Minister and PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the second Integrated Check Post (ICP) on the India-Nepal border. On this occasion, the Nepali PM, Mr. Oli called for a resolution of what he termed as ‘pending issues’ with India.

Background:      

  • The Jogbani (Bihar)-Biratnagar (Nepal) check post is the second to be opened since the 2018 inauguration of the Raxaul-Birgunj check post.
  • The ICPs are aimed at boosting commercial and people-to-people links.
  • “Neighbourhood First’ is a key plank of Indian government and improving cross-border connectivity is a key element of this.
  • Open borders: India and Nepal share a unique relationship of friendship and cooperation characterized by open borders. Nepalese and Indian nationals can move freely across the border without passports or visas and may live and work in either country.
  • While Indians aren't allowed to own land-properties or work in government institutions in Nepal, Nepalese nationals in India are allowed to work in Indian government institutions (except in some states and some civil services - IFS, IAS, and IPS).
  • Border sharing: Nepal has an area of 147,181 sq. kms and a population of 29 million.
  • It shares a border of over 1850 kms in the east, south and west with five Indian States – Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • In the north it shares border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
  • Importance of Nepal to India: Nepal along with Bhutan acts as buffer against any possible aggression from China.
  • Rivers originating in Nepal feed the perennial river systems of India.
  • Many Hindu and Buddhist religious sites in Nepal make it an important pilgrim site.
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