India’s ties with Egypt
28th Jan, 2023
Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, has been invited as the chief guest for the Republic Day celebrations this year for the first time.
- In the past, commercial connections between Egypt and India grew along the banks of the rivers Nile and Indus, which is when India's interactions with Egypt first developed.
- Under Nehru's direction: Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt co-founded the Non-Aligned Movement in 1955.
- Nehru stood up for Egypt during the 1956 Warto the point of threatening to expel his nation from the British Commonwealth.
- Bilateral relations and the Friendship Treaty: The two countries grew further closer in the 1950s and signed the Friendship Treaty in 1955.
- The historically strong bilateral ties between the two nations have recently gotten a boost from the regular interchange of high-level meetings and contacts between the two sides.
Trade & Commerce:
- Egypt has long been among India's top trading partners on the continent of Africa.
- The Most Favoured Nationprovision is the foundation of the bilateral trade agreement between Egypt and India, which has been in effect since March 1978.
- Raw cotton, made and unmanufactured fertilizers, oil and oil products, organic and inorganic chemicals, leather, and iron goods are among Egypt's main exports to India.
- Sesame, lentils, coffee, herbs, and cotton yarn are among the top Indian exports to Egypt.
- India also exports mineral gasoline, car components, ship, boat, and floating construction parts, frozen slices of boneless beef, and electrical machinery and components.
- India is widely represented in practically all fields in Egypt.
Technical and scientific fields:
- In accordance with the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme, Egyptian applicants visit India (ITEC).
- A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)for cooperation in the field of agricultural research was signed in 1998 by the ICAR and the Agricultural Research Center of the Ministry of Agriculture & Land of Egypt.
- In 1992, Cairo saw the establishment of the Maulana Azad Center for Indian Culture (MACIC).
- By implementing the Cultural Exchange Program, seeks to foster cultural collaboration between the two nations (CEP).
- In addition to teaching Hindi, Urdu, and yoga, displaying films, and promoting Indian culture, the Centre also hosts cultural events.
- The "India by the Nile" festivalis a yearly cultural event in Egypt.
- In a language that combines various cultural and artistic threads, it captures the spirit of India through classical, contemporary, performing, and visual arts, gastronomy, and popular culture.
- The event is organized by M/S Teamwork Arts, a Delhi-based company, with funding provided by ICCR and the Ministry of Culture of Egypt.
The defence alliance:
- With recent events like the Indian Navy ship's trip to Egypt, a month-long air force drill, and the leader of the Egyptian air force's trip to India, it is being revitalized.
- 120 nations that are not formally allied with or opposed to any major power bloc make up the forum. It is the largest federation of states in the world after the United Nations.
- Nearly two-thirds of the United Nations' members and 55% of the world's population reside in the nations that make up the Non-Aligned Movement.
- The Non-Aligned Movement was formally founded in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in 1961, building on the tenets outlined at the Bandung Conference of 1955.
Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence:
- Zhou Enlai and Nehru outlined the Panchsheel, or Five Principles, as a framework for Sino-Indian relations (five restraints).
- The Non-Aligned Movement would later be founded on these ideas.
The five principles are:
- Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
- Mutual non-aggression.
- Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
- Equality and mutual benefit.
- Peaceful co-existence.