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‘Tobacco behind more than a quarter of India’s cancer cases’

  • Category
    Public Health
  • Published
    26th Aug, 2020

Context

Tobacco-related cancers constitute the highest burden among all types of the disease in India. As many as 27 per cent of cancer cases were caused due to tobacco consumption, according to a new report released by the National Cancer Registry of India (NCRI).

Background

  • Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), cancer accounted for an estimated 9.6 million deaths, or one in six deaths, in 2018.
  • The most commontypes of cancer in men are lung, prostate, colorectal, stomach and liver cancer while breast, colorectal, lung, cervical and thyroid cancer are the most common types among women.
  • In a recent report, WHO warned that the world may witness a 60% increase in cancer cases over the next two decades if the current trend continues.
  • The latest estimates of the National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020 are released by the ICMR in association with National Centre for Disease Informatics & Research (NCDIR) Bengaluru.
  • The report released the cancer prevalence landscape by taking into account cases registered from 2012-2016.
    • The report estimates that tobacco-related cancers will contribute 3.7 lakh (27.1 per cent) of the total cancer burden in 2020.
    • Cancers related to use of any form of tobacco were highest in the northeastern region of the country and in higher proportion in men.
  • Earlier this year, a WHO report had also revealed a high burden of tobacco-related head and neck cancers in India, particularly oral cancerin men and of cervical cancer in women. 
  • Both of these cancer types are associated with lower socioeconomic status, the WHO report stated.
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