With Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad having claimed responsibility for the Pulwama terrorist attack, the focus is back on Jaish chief Maulana Masood Azhar.
India considers China-Pakistan move of not doing enough against the terror outfit as brazen claim. India has failed multiple times to list him as a “global terrorist” at the United Nations Security Council.
The proposal to designate Pakistan-based Azhar as a global terrorist by the UN Security Council under the 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council was moved by France, UK and the US.
China has blocked the move by India and other member nations three times in the past to designate Azhar as global terrorist. China has been insisting that the solution should be acceptable to all.
The JeM, headed by the 50-year-old Azhar, carried out many terror strikes in India and was also involved in the attack on Parliament, the Pathankot air force base, army camps in Jammu and Uri.
Azhar was released by the A B Vajpayee government in December 1999, along with Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar and Omar Sheikh, in exchange for the release of the passengers of the hijacked Indian Airlines flight IC-814.
Resolutions 1267 and 1373:
Why the issue is important:
India has always raised the issue of listing of Azhar as a logical conclusion since JeM has already been designated as a terror outfit.
Despite its “disappointment” over China’s decision to place a hold on the terror listing of Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar at the United Nations, India has indicated that it would continue its efforts to convince Beijing, rather than adopt a collision course with it.
France decided to freeze all assets of Pakistan based terror outfit Jaish-e-Mohammed, JeM chief Masood Azhar, in the application of the country's Monetary and Financial Code.
China’s real intentions behind its ‘technical hold’ on Masood Azhar:
A brief history of this stated legacy:
Beijing’s response was two sided:
After the Gulja incident of 1997, Xinxiang has neither witnessed any major terrorist attack, nor have automatic weapons been used by the Uyghurs in the restive region.
Economic and geo-strategic interests behind the "Veto":
To reiterate, China recognized Azhar’s influence over radicalized elements and used him to safeguard its own strategic and economic interests in the region.
China is not happy with India’s warm relationship with the Afghan government. Azhar’s influence is therefore covertly used by both Pakistan and China to strengthen the Taliban, who are averse to Indian interests in Afghanistan as well as in Kashmir.
India’s relationship with the US after 2001 and the signing of Logistic Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) are the other factors that have provoked China to appease Masood Azhar and also to court the Taliban.
Chinese Perspective: when India criticizes the world of double standards on terrorism, it has itself long supported separatist groups in Pakistan’s Baluchistan province who launch terror attack in the country.
What is likely to happen?
Post the Pulwama carnage, there is a feeling in some sections that increased pressure from the Indian government may force China to rethink its stand on Masood Azhar. However, considering Beijing’s “narrow approach”, such a move at this juncture will only make China and the Chinese people living in Pakistan more vulnerable to terrorism. China’s U-turn on Masood Azhar, therefore, seems unlikely.
The Pakistani army and the ISI revived the JeM in 2008 under its “good” versus “bad” terrorists’ strategy which was actively supported by China. China recognized Azhar’s influence over radicalized elements and used him to safeguard its own strategic and economic interests in the region. In such a scenario, critically evaluate the likely outcomes of UNSC resolutions under 1267.
© 2020 Basix Education Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved