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Mikhail Gorbachev, last Soviet Leader passes away

  • Published
    1st Sep, 2022
Context

Mikhail Gorbachev -- the last leader of the former Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991 -- has died at the age of 91.

About

About Mikhail Gorbachev:

  • Born in Privolnoye (Russia), he was general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991.
  • He became president of the Soviet Union in 1990 - 91.

Contribution of Mikhail Gorbachev:

  • Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-2022) played a key role in
    • 1989: ending the Cold War and triggering the demise of the Soviet Union
    • allowed Eastern Europe to free itself from Soviet rule
    • taking down the long-standing Iron Curtain separating Eastern communist states and Western non-communist states
    • cultivating friendlier relations with non-communist states, including and especially the United States
  • Gorbachev worked with U.S. President Ronald Reagan to lessen the political and military tension between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • In 1990 Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize for his “leading role in the peace process” in Europe.

Early Life of Gorbachev:

  • He was the son of Russian peasants in South-western Russia of Stavropol territory (Kray).
  • He joined the Komsomol (Young Communist League) in 1946 and drove a combine harvester at a state farm in Stavropol for the next four years.
  • He proved a promising Komsomol member in 1952.
  • He entered the law school of Moscow State University and became a member of the Communist Party.
  • He graduated with a degree in law in 1955.
  • He hold several posts in the Komsomol and become the first secretary of the regional party committee in 1970.

 

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