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Armenia has been witnessing growing anti-government protests recently against possible concessions over the Nagorno-Karabakh territory, disputed with neighbouring Azerbaijan.
- Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia.
- A mountainous region of about 4,400 sq km (1,700 sq miles).
- Location: Nagorno-Karabakh region is a mountainous land-locked region in the South Caucasus. It is a forested region and geographically lies within the boundary of Azerbaijan.
- The region is also called Artsakh (chiefly by Armenians).
- Traditionally inhabited by Christian Armenians and Muslim Turks.
- Nagorno-Karabakh lies in the mountainous range of Karabakh.
- In Soviet times, it became an autonomous region within the republic of Azerbaijan
- Internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan, but majority of population is ethnic Armenian
- An estimated one million people displaced by 1990s war, and about 30,000 killed
- Separatist forces captured some extra territory around the enclave in Azerbaijan in the 1990s war
- Stalemate has largely prevailed since a 1994 ceasefire
- Russia has traditionally been seen as an ally of the Armenians.
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