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Nagorno-Karabakh region

  • Published
    21st May, 2022
Context

Armenia has been witnessing growing anti-government protests recently against possible concessions over the Nagorno-Karabakh territory, disputed with neighbouring Azerbaijan.

About

Nagorno-Karabakh region:

  • Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia.
  • A mountainous region of about 4,400 sq km (1,700 sq miles).
  • Location: Nagorno-Karabakh region is a mountainous land-locked region in the South Caucasus. It is a forested region and geographically lies within the boundary of Azerbaijan.
  • The region is also called Artsakh (chiefly by Armenians).
  • Traditionally inhabited by Christian Armenians and Muslim Turks.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh lies in the mountainous range of Karabakh.
  • In Soviet times, it became an autonomous region within the republic of Azerbaijan
  • Internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan, but majority of population is ethnic Armenian
  • An estimated one million people displaced by 1990s war, and about 30,000 killed
  • Separatist forces captured some extra territory around the enclave in Azerbaijan in the 1990s war
  • Stalemate has largely prevailed since a 1994 ceasefire
  • Russia has traditionally been seen as an ally of the Armenians.
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