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26th May 2023 (6 Topics)

Niti Aayog releases Health index

Context

The NITI Aayog recently released the ‘annual health index’ for the Covid year 2020-21.

Key highlights of the annual health index:

  • Top Performer: The three southern states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana emerged as the top performers among the 19 'larger states' in the index.
  • Low Performer: Bihar (19th), Uttar Pradesh (18th) and Madhya Pradesh (17th) are at the bottom of the list.
  • Incremental Performer: Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Odisha emerged as the top three performers in 2020-21, as compared to previous index (2019-20).
  • Smaller states and UT: Tripura was the best among the 'smaller states', while Delhi ranked at the bottom of the Union territories' list.

About the Index

  • The NITI Aayog's annual health index measures the performance of states and UTs on a "weighted composite score incorporating 24 health performance indicators".
  • The health index assesses states and UTs on two parameters
    • incremental performance (year-on-year progress)
    • overall performance
  • Performance indicators: The performance ranks of states and UTs based on 24 indicators grouped under the domains of ‘health outcomes’, ‘governance and information’, and ‘key inputs/ processes’.
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