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23rd August 2023 (9 Topics)

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Context

The brief focuses on the significance, challenges, and geopolitical implications of the BRICS forum's expansion and its role in global politics, primarily driven by China's and Russia's interests.

BRICS Expansion and Challenges:

  • Numerical Expansion Not Enough: Expanding BRICS membership may not enhance its efficiency as larger numbers can dilute coherence and amplify bilateral differences.
  • Managing Bilateral Conflicts: The presence of conflicting nations like India-Pakistan and India-China can hinder effective coordination within BRICS, similar to limitations faced by other regional forums.
  • Impact on Effectiveness: The ongoing conflict between India and China in Ladakh has cast a shadow over BRICS, limiting its ability to address global challenges collectively.

Geopolitical Motivations of China and Russia:

  • China's and Russia's Intentions: China champions BRICS expansion to mobilize the non-Western world for its rivalry with the US, while Russia also used it to balance against the West.
  • BRICS as a Bipolar Platform: China and Russia aim to transform BRICS into a platform for challenging Western dominance, turning it into a bipolar confrontation with the West.
  • Misconceptions About the Global South: Associating BRICS with the Global South overlooks its origins and evolution, as the forum is led by one of the competing power blocs - the Sino-Russian alliance.

BRICS as a Geopolitical Tool:

  • Geopolitical Significance: Many nations seek BRICS membership to enhance their bargaining power in negotiations with the US, rather than being motivated by ideological concerns.
  • Political Posturing: Post-colonial elites use the anti-Western rhetoric of BRICS to demonstrate strength, but their focus is more on asserting their interests than ideological alignment.
  • Outcome and Importance: While China and Russia may gain some ground in their geopolitical battles through BRICS, their successes are overshadowed by challenges in their own regions and globally.
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